Ian Douglas Smith

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Smith, Ian Douglas

 

Born Apr. 8, 1919, in Selukwe. Southern Rhodesian political figure.

Smith studied at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, South Africa. From 1939 to 1946 he served in the British Royal Air Force. A farmer, he was elected to the Southern Rhodesian Legislative Assembly in 1948. In 1953 he became a member of the Parliament of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Smith founded the racist Rhodesian Front Party in 1961, and it came to power in Southern Rhodesia in the following year. He became president of the party in 1965. He was minister of the treasury from 1962 to 1964 and became prime minister in April 1964. In addition, he served as minister of defense until May 1965 and as minister of external affairs until August 1964.

Smith’s government was not recognized by the African population of the country and represented only the ruling European minority. In 1965 this government unilaterally declared the “independence” of Southern Rhodesia and the end of British authority. In March 1970, the racist regime proclaimed Southern Rhodesia a “republic” in accordance with the “constitution” of 1969. Under Smith, the Africans have been oppressed and kept without rights. He has been mercilessly suppressing the liberation movement in Southern Rhodesia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Transport Minister Derek Mackay said: "The announcement that Scottish designer Ian Smith will create the new look for the interiors of the new Caledonian Sleeper fleet is exciting news for the service and for everyone who will use it.
Ian Smith likes helping people and I would just like to thank him for not just getting me better but for getting countless other people better.
BACK HOME - Ian Smith, left, with Peacock Carter director Richard Carter
Ian Smith, who alerted police to the conman, said yesterday: "Something wasn't right.
When the British prime minister was asked to use sanctions against Ian Smith, he said it would hurt the black people.
The Ripe Harvest Foundation will feature African American authors, including Rashonda Tate Billingsley, Ian Smith and Camika Spencer.
While Ian Smith was warning everyone about Robert Mugabe, politicians like these were proclaiming to the world what a fine fellow he was and how he could never be responsible for the acts of brutality which the Rhodesian government, and numerous independent witnesses, attributed to him.
Ian Smith says the Club needs to crack down on those flouting welfare rules
Thus we read that "Industrialists continued having to defend the growing power of their enterprises from the attacks of much of the [white] settler community, which grew increasingly committed to the crude racial capitalism of Ian Smith and to withdrawal from the federation" (p.
Put simply, Ian Smith believed that Rhodesia was a bulwark against Communism, a bastion of western Christian civilization facing demonic, Marxist dictatorships seeking to enslave Africa in a carefully planned 'domino' conspiracy of world domination.
Laurens van der Post recreated in entirety the lost world of the Kalahari Bushmen; Ian Smith was held in the lost world of Rhodesia, Kipling and faith.