Iberia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Iberia

(ībĭr`ēə), ancient country of Transcaucasia, roughly the eastern part of present-day Georgia. It was inhabited in earliest times by various tribes, collectively called Iberians by ancient historians, although Herodotus called them Saspirams. Between the 6th and 4th cent. B.C. the kingdoms of ColchisColchis
, ancient country on the eastern shore of the Black Sea and in the Caucasus region. Centered about the fertile valley of the Phasis River (the modern Rion), Colchis corresponds to the present-day region of Mingrelia in Georgia.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (western Georgia) and Iberia were founded. Iberia was allied to the Romans, ruled by the Sassanids of Persia, and became (6th cent. A.D.) a Byzantine province. Its later history is that of GeorgiaGeorgia
, Georgian Sakartvelo, Rus. Gruziya, officially Republic of Georgia, republic (2005 est. pop. 4,677,000), c.26,900 sq mi (69,700 sq km), in W Transcaucasia.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Iberia

 

The ancient name of eastern Georgia (Kartli) used by classical and Byzantine authors.

At the turn of the fourth century B.C. a state was founded in Iberia. Some of the farmers, united in communes, were free, while others were subordinate to the royal family and nobility. Slave labor, drawn mainly from prisoners of war, was employed in construction and other heavy work, as well as in the king’s household. The most important city was the Iberian capital, Mtskheta. Crafts and trade flourished there and in the cities of Urbnisi and Uplistsikhe. In the first centuries A.D. , the Iberians wrote in the Greek and Aramaic scripts. At this time, Iberia was very powerful, particularly during the reign of Pars man II (second century A.D.). Feudalism developed in Iberia in the fourth century A.D.; Christianity was declared the state religion in 337. Toward the end of the fourth century, Iberia was subjugated and heavily taxed by Persia. During the fifth century, King Vakhtang I Gorgasal led a rebellion against the Sassanids. The Persians, crushing the rebellion, abolished the Iberian monarchy and made Iberia a Persian province.

REFERENCES

Istoriia Gruzii, vol. 1. Tbilisi, 1962.
Mtskheta: Itogiarkheologicheskikh issledovanii, vol. I.Tbilisi, 1958.
Boltunova, A. I. “Opisanie Iberii v ‘Geografii’ Strabona.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1947, no. 4.
Melikishvili, G. A. K istorii drevnei Gruzii. Tbilisi, 1959.

Iberia

1. the Iberian Peninsula
2. an ancient region in central Asia, south of the Caucasus corresponding approximately to present-day Georgia
References in periodicals archive ?
A statement yesterday said: "British Airways are considering how to use their 10 per cent holding in Iberia after Iberia's announcement that they have received a bid approach.
The Cargo division of Iberia manages the transport of freight and mail, using the cargo holds of Iberia on scheduled flights, complementing its network with air freighters and air-trucks, to provide a service whose quality has been certified under ISO 9000 by Spain's AENOR standards bureau.
The V2500 is the newest engine to be worked on by Iberia Maintenance, which in addition repairs the RB211-535E4, RB211-535C37, CFM56-5A1/-5B/-5C4/-7x, CF34-3A1/-3B1, JT8D-217, RR Pegasus MK 150-42 and Pegasus 408 engines.
British Airways and its Oneworld partner Iberia have reached an agreement to merge the two carriers.
BA shareholders will have 55 percent of the combined firm, to be headquartered in London with 419 aircraft flying to 205 destinations, while Iberia shareholders are to get 45 percent.
BA acquired a 9% shareholding in Iberia in 1999 and has recently increased this to 13.
Last week BA spent pounds 52m upping its stake in Iberia, from10% to just over 13%.
We will enter into discussions with Caja Madrid in order to maximise the value of our relationship with Iberia," he added.
BA, which has a 10% stake in Iberia, is working with TPG Capital and Spanish funds Vista Capital, Ibersuizas and Quercus Equity.
SEPI replaced Iberia when the European Community refused to give Iberia loans in light of its involvement with the Argentine airline.
Reviewing Queer Iberia, a collection of fifteen substantial articles and an introduction, in a limited allotment of space presents a difficult but rewarding challenge.
British Airways is to take a nine per cent stake in Spain's national airline Iberia for around pounds 200 million, the company said last night.