Iberian Peninsula

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Iberian Peninsula: Scandinavian Peninsula, Caucasus

Iberian Peninsula,

c.230,400 sq mi (596,740 sq km), SW Europe, separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees. Comprising SpainSpain,
Span. España , officially Kingdom of Spain, constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 40,341,000), 194,884 sq mi (504,750 sq km), including the Balearic and Canary islands, SW Europe.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and PortugalPortugal
, officially Portuguese Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 10,566,000), 35,553 sq mi (92,082 sq km), SW Europe, on the western side of the Iberian Peninsula and including the Madeira Islands and the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean.
..... Click the link for more information.
, it is washed on the N and W by the Atlantic Ocean and on the S and E by the Mediterranean Sea; the Strait of Gibraltar separates it from Africa. The Iberian Peninsula is dominated by the Meseta (central plateau), a great uplifted fault block (average elevation 2,000 ft/610 m) ringed and crossed by mountain ranges. It covers about two thirds of the peninsula. Coastal lowlands, the site of the major industrial cities, surround the primarily agrarian-oriented Meseta. Climatically, the Iberian Peninsula has hot summers, cold winters, and limited precipitation. Five major rivers drain the peninsula.

Iberian Peninsula


a peninsula in Southwest Europe. With an area of 582,000 sq km, it is the second largest peninsula in Europe after the Scandinavian Peninsula.

The Iberian Peninsula is washed in the north by the Bay of Biscay, in the west and southwest by the Atlantic Ocean, and in the northeast, east, and southeast by the Mediterranean Sea; in the south it is separated from Africa by the Strait of Gibraltar. The peninsula is mountainous, its outline is simple, and its coastline relatively smooth. Only in the northwest are there deeply indented ria-type coasts. The land surface is occupied chiefly by the Meseta and Galician plateaus and by linearly extending mountain ranges: the Pyrenees, the Cantabrian, Catalonian, and Iberian ranges, and the Andalusian Mountains. The highest point is Mount Mulacén in the Sierra Nevada range (3,478 m). There are small lowland areas along the peninsula’s boundaries.

The climate of the Iberian Peninsula is primarily Mediterranean. In the peninsula’s continental regions it is arid, while in the western regions it is more humid and closer to an oceanic climate. The chief rivers are the Tagus, Guadiana, Douro, Ebro, and Guadalquivir. Vegetation is primarily scrub of the maquis and garigue types. The Iberian Peninsula is occupied by Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and the British crown colony of Gibraltar.

Iberian Peninsula

a peninsula of SW Europe, occupied by Spain and Portugal
References in periodicals archive ?
Urgent management actions, designed within an Iberian rabbit conservation strategy that relies on a multidisciplinary framework, are needed to ensure the conservation of this keystone member of the Iberian Peninsula ecosystem and that of rabbit-reliant predators.
These early encounters between the Spanish colonies in the New World, the Iberian Peninsula, and Renaissance Italy set the stage for the development of the Golden Age of Spanish literature.
As the author reminds us, as early as the late Thirteenth Century, when the re-conquest of the Iberian peninsula, although already in progress, was still far from completed, Ramon Lhill, one of the leading Christian authorities on Islam at the time, argued that when the recovery of Spain was completed, it would be necessary to carry the war beyond the Straits of Gibraltar to the other side (p.
2) Something similar can be said about other peninsular histories of philosophy, with the added disadvantage that they, like those histories of Spanish philosophy that deal exclusively with Castillian-speaking philosophers, tend to ignore the developments in the Iberian peninsula that take place in linguistic and cultural contexts other than their own.
Following the editor's introduction, the first section starts with a paper by Marti and Juan-Cabanilles on the early Neolithic, commencing in the sixth millennium BC in the Mediterranean areas of the Iberian Peninsula.
In the Iberian Peninsula, 2 subspecies of European rabbit are found, O.
The results of the study show that, during the late Ordovician period, the Malguide Complex was not to be found with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula along the edge of the palaeo-continent of Gondwana, "but was rather at a much lower latitude much closer to the Alps, with its Ordovician conodont fauna showing much closer similarities to the fauna of this area," said Rosario RodrAiguez-CaAnero, lead author of the study at the Department of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of the University of Granada.
The system, developed jointly by the Mersey Docks and Harbour Company and DB Information Systems of Doncaster, has been installed at Seaforth and has already generated excitement across the global grain industry, attracting a string of visitors from as far afield as the United States, Canada and the Iberian Peninsula.
Between the appearance of the earliest dated works for the four-course Renaissance guitar, contained in Alonso Mudarra's 1546 print from Seville, and the emergence of the modern six-string instrument, also in Spain during the late eighteenth century, the "early" guitar played an important and, at times crucial, role as a solo, accompanying, and ensemble instrument in France, Italy, the Iberian Peninsula, and England.
Under the agreement, the two airlines will offer improved services for air travellers between North America and the Iberian peninsula.
attempts to reconstitute the lives and the world of Spaniards who, starting in 1931, sought to convince skeptics that heavenly beings were appearing on the Iberian peninsula.
In the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the first third of the twentieth, more than four million Spaniards left the Iberian Peninsula in search of a better future in the New World.