Babangida, Ibrahim

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Babangida, Ibrahim

(ēbrä`hēm bäbän`gēdä), 1941–, Nigerian military and political leader. After graduating (1963) from Nigeria's military college, he joined the army and received further training abroad. A senior officer in the 1967–70 Nigerian civil war, he rose to the rank of major general by 1983. That year he participated in the coup that brought Maj. Gen Mohammed Buhari to power; Babangida became army chief of staff. In 1985 he seized power, becoming president and commander in chief. Although Babangida instituted a number of political and economic reforms, there was widespread corruption during his tenure and the economy faltered. He permitted the formation of two political parties and allowed democratic elections to restore civilian rule in 1993, but he then annulled the results. As protests and strikes roiled the nation, he resigned (1993) and then supported Gen. Sani Abacha, his former defense minister, when he soon seized power. Babangida made an abortive move to secure the People's Democratic party (PDP) presidential nomination in 2006. In 2010 he announced his intention to seek the presidency in 2011, but northern PDP politicians settled on Atiku AbubakarAbubakar, Atiku
, 1946–, Nigerian politician, grad. Ahmadu Bello Univ. Law School (1969). A Muslim and member of the Hausa ethnic group, he worked in the government's customs department, later going into business.
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 as their consensus candidate for the nomination.


See study by L. Diamond et al. (1997).

References in periodicals archive ?
In August 1985, Buhari was himself toppled in a coup d'etat by Gen Ibrahim Babangida on Aug.
Before taking the oath, he shook hands with the elected president he ousted in 1983, Shehu Shagari, and the general who deposed him 20 months later, Ibrahim Babangida.
Ousted himself in another military takeover led by General Ibrahim Babangida in August 1985, he declared himself a convert to democracy and has since run and lost in several previous elections.
Buhari was Nigeria's former Head of State from 31st December 1983 to 27th August 1985, when General Ibrahim Babangida overthrew his administration in a putsch.
When a year later Ibrahim Babangida mounted his "palace coup" against Buhari, the British must have been pleased.
Political, sectarian and secessionist violence in Nigeria escalated in the 1990's during the catastrophic military dictatorships of Generals Ibrahim Babangida and Sani Abacha.
Okupe became fully engaged in Nigerian politics in 1992, and held several posts, including Deputy National Publicity Secretary for former military Head of State, General Ibrahim Babangida.
Aguiyi Ironsi (Military) 1966 Yakubu Gowon (Military) 1966-1975 Murtala Muhammed (Military) 1975-1976 Olusegun Obasanjo (Military) 1976-1979 Shehu Shagari (National Party of Nigeria) 1979-1983 Muhammadu Buhari (Military) 1984-1985 Ibrahim Babangida (Military) 1985-1993 Ernest Shonekan (Military) 1993 Sani Abacha (Military) 1993-1998 Abdulsalami Abubakar (Military) 1998-1999 Olusegun Obasanjo (People's Democratic Party) 1999-2007 Umaru Yar'Adua 2007-2010 (People's Democratic Party) Goodluck Jonathan 2010-present (People's Democratic Party)
Two top PDP stalwarts - former military dictator Ibrahim Babangida and ex-VP Atiku Abubakar - had interest in the 2011 race.
It was later said powerful ex-military ruler Gen Ibrahim Babangida was also to help mediate peace.
Dasylva (2006) portrays former Nigerian heads of military governments like Ibrahim Babangida (in "Maradona"), and Sanni Abacha (in "Dancing Sigidi in the Rain") while Obafemi (2001) goes international painting Habib Bourguiba (the former Tunisian dictator in "Haba Habib"): all in an effort to correct visible leadership anomalies and encourage the led to stand for their rights.
Ogar said Berende sent his Iranian partners photos of the Israeli cultural centre in Lagos and told them that they should attack former military ruler Ibrahim Babangida and Islamic spiritual leader the Sultan of Sokoto to "unsettle the West".