Ice-Making

Ice-Making

 

the preparation of ice from water, using either natural cold or refrigerators.

The simplest kind of ice production involves the procurement of ice from frozen rivers, lakes, or ponds. In the USSR, it is common to freeze ice on open platforms in winter. The volume of the frozen blocks of ice may be as much as tens of thousands of cu m. To freeze ice in packs, water is sprayed through hoses or pipes. Pick hammers and icebreakers are used to prepare the ice for use. During the summer, the ice packs are covered with insulating materials and are handled from the shady, north side. Lift trucks and conveyors are used in shipping the ice.

At ice plants, refrigerators are used to make ice. The first plant in Russia for the manufacture of artificial ice was built in 1892. Ice plants supply chiefly those branches of industry that need large quantities of ice (the meat and dairy industries, fisheries, and the railroad transport industry). They also supply industrial icehouses, which provide a centralized ice supply to the consumer. More than 20 million tons of natural ice and as much as a million tons of artificial ice are consumed in the USSR each year. Among foreign countries, one of the largest ice producers is the USA, which prepares about 30 million tons of ice per year (mostly artificial).

Ice plants manufacturing ice for foods may produce up to 200 tons per day. Such plants include ice machines and a storage room. They either have their own refrigerator or are served by a central refrigeration plant. Railroad ice plants with an output as high as 200 tons per day supply ice for refrigerator cars. Such plants are equipped with mechanical ice crushers and conveyors.

Ice plants in fish-packing enterprises located along the shore make as much as 360 tons of ice per day. They are equipped with mechanized systems to supply ice to the fishing vessels.

REFERENCES

Arshanskii, S. N., and E. Ia. Sinkevich. L’dozavody. Moscow, 1968.
Bobkov, V. A. Proizvodstvo i primenenie vodnogo I’da. Moscow, 1961.
Kurylev, E. S., and N. A. Gerasimov. Kholodil’nye ustanovki, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
The second RO 25,000 is the construction of ice-making unit in the fish market of the Wilayat of Liwa.
The establishment decided that the contamination occurred because of a malfunction with an ice-making machine used during production.
Oakley Farms; the leading Fenland based specialist grower and packers of quality broccoli, courgettes, marrows and pumpkins, has taken delivery of two Scotsman MF66 'superflake' ice-making systems with a capacity of 2.
First, you will analyze your needs (volume, quality drink-making, visual impression), and then select from among the available shapes, styles and qualities of ice that are made using modern ice-making technology.
The failing air-conditioner chillers at City Hall are not going to be replaced until spring, and they will double as ice-making equipment for the rink.
The investment projects concern several activities including fishing boatyards, ship repairing workshops, lifting and towing equipments, ice-making plants, cold stores, selling offices for fishing tools and spare parts as well as fishermen clubs.
The Victorian stone cowsheds at Cwrt Farm, acquired by the National Trust in 1989, have been restored to house the boiling pans, chillers and steel kitchens in which Aberdaron crab is produced, as well as providing a bait store and ice-making machine.
IN the road where we lived in the 1930s there used to be a yard in which a horse and cart were stabled with an ice-making shed.
Since 1955, KOLD-DRAFT[R] has been manufacturing ice machines that make the only true "square cube," utilizing their exclusive "upside-down" horizontal evaporator ice-making system.
The storm-related destruction of ice-making and ice storage capacity has been a significant obstacle to re-starting operations.
The warning comes after the owner of a Clent pub was fined pounds 2,000 and ordered to pay pounds 1,000 costs after environmental health officers found a catalogue of problems including mould in an ice-making machine.
But the skating rink lacked the ice-making equipment.