Iceland moss


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Iceland moss:

see lichenlichen
, usually slow-growing organism of simple structure, composed of fungi (see Fungi) and photosynthetic green algae or cyanobacteria living together in a symbiotic relationship and resulting in a structure that resembles neither constituent.
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Iceland Moss

 

(Cetraria islandica), a lichen (not a moss) of the family Parmeliaceae. The thallus consists of elongated, branched brown lobes gathered in a bush with a height of up to 12 cm. Iceland moss is found in forest and tundra zones, growing mainly in pine forests, on heather moors and plains, and in the mountains. It contains the carbohydrates lichenin and isolichen-in. In the north it is an important food for reindeer.

References in periodicals archive ?
1998) supporting the traditional use of Iceland moss for treatment of peptic ulcers and chest conditions.
The air-dried, powdered Iceland moss material was extracted in a Soxhlet apparatus with petroleum ether for 16 h to obtain crude extract.
John's Wort JUNIPERI PSEUDO-FRUCTUS Juniper LICHEN ISLANDICUS Iceland Moss LINI SEMEN Linseed LIQUIRITIAE RADIX Liquorice Root LUPULI FLOS Hop Strobile MATRICARIAE FLOS Matricaria Flower MELILOTI HERBA Melilot MELISSAE FOLIUM Melissa Leaf MENTHAE PIPERITAE AETHEROLEUM Peppermint Oil MENTHAE PIPERITAE FOLIUM Peppermint Leaf MYRRHA Myrrh MYRTILLI FRUCTUS Bilberry Fruit ONONIDIS RADIX Restharrow Root ORTHOSIPHONIS FOLIUM Java Tea PASSIFLORAE HERBA Passion Flower PIPERIS METHYSTICI RHIZOMA Kava-Kava PLANTAGINIS LANCEOL.