Ichneumonidae


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Ichneumonidae

[ik·nü′män·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The ichneumon flies, a large family of cosmopolitan, parasitic wasps in the superfamily Ichneumonoidea.

Ichneumonidae

 

a family of parasitic insects of the order Hymenoptera. Body length, 0.4—5 cm; the abdomen and thorax have movable segments. Most species have well-developed wings; the females have an ovipositor, which protrudes outward and is quite long in some species.

Approximately 1, 250 genera (more than 60, 000 species) of ichneumon flies are found throughout the world. Representatives of about 400 genera are encountered in the USSR. The female seeks an animal host and deposits its eggs either on or in the host’s body. The larvae develop as internal or external parasites of the larvae or pupae of other insects or, less commonly, of spiders. By the completion of their development, the larvae have completely destroyed the internal organs of the host. Among the Ichneumonidae are a few hyperparasites, which parasitize the parasites of other insects. Adults feed primarily on flower nectar. The majority are active during the day; some species fly at night and are attracted to light.

Ichneumon flies play an important role in limiting the insect population and are used in the biological control of harmful insects. Sometimes the Russian common name for the Ichneumonidae, naezdniki, is used to designate representatives of other groups of parasitic Hymenoptera, such as the braconids, proctotrupids, and chalcids.

REFERENCE

Suitmen, Kh. Biologicheskii metod bor’by s vrednymi nasekomymi i sornymi rasteniiami. Moscow, 1964.

G. A. VIKTOROV

References in periodicals archive ?
The same authors found Ichneumonidae and Braconidae to be the most common parasitoid families, and also reported a 70 % correlation between temperature and abundance.
This study has gathered a lot of knowledge and information in order to increase awareness in preventing the reduction of the Ichneumonidae since they play an important role in the ecosystem and economical terms [1].
Por otro lado, en estudios de la fauna de Ichneumonidae de ecosistemas de costa del Peru, Alvarado (2011) obtuvo una eficiencia similar al 80% utilizando trampas Malaise, para las cuencas de Canete y Huaral.
The family Ichneumonidae contains many important ecto- or endoparasitoids of immature insects that undergo complete metamorphosis (holometabolous), such as Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Neuroptera, and Trichoptera, as well as spiders (SOARES et al.
insectos capturados Coccinellidae Morfoespecie 1 4 Morfoespecie 2 8 Scolytidae Morfoespecie 1 * 37 Coleoptera Curculionidae Morfoespecie 1 4 Nitidulidae Morfoespecie 1 2 Bruchidae Morfoespecie 1 * 2 Cisididae Morfoespecie 1 * 1 Chrysomelidae Morfoespecie 1 4 Diptera Tephritidae Morfoespecie 1 2 Drosophilidae Morfoespecie 1 * 39 Aphididae Morfoespecie 1 * 28 Hemiptera Membracidae Morfoespecie 1 * 13 Neuroptera Chrysopidae Morfoespecie 1 13 Hymenoptera Braconidae Morfoespecie 1 15 Morfoespecie 2 11 Morfoespecie 3 12 Ichneumonidae Morfoespecie 1 17 Morfoespecie 2 18 Morfoespecie 3 2 Perilampidae Morfoespecie 1 10 Chalcidae Morfoespecie 1 1 Formicidae Morfoespecie 1 52 Chrysididae Morfoespecie 1 2 TOTAL 18 23 297 * Familias en comun presente para el Lote A y para el Lote B.
His research grants included those from: the National Science Foundation (1963-1964) to conduct research on Ichneumonidae at the University of Michigan with Henry Townes; the American Philosophical Society (1964) to collect Ichneumonidae on Mt.
La "zona de bosque plantado" fue la segunda que presento mayor numero de emergencia con 10 individuos de la familia Braconidae y dos individuos de Ichneumonidae que emergieron en el mes de agosto (Tabla 2).
Families of Collected at Collected at Number of Hymenoptera Hacienda Kiuic Specimens Collected Tabi Research Collected Station Scoliidae [check] 1 Xiphydriidae [check] 1 Formicidae [check] [check] 30 Vespidae [check] [check] 20 Apidae [check] [check] 27 Ichneumonidae [check] [check] 31 Sphecidae [check] [check] 24 Dryinidae [check] [check] 4 Pompilidae [check] [check] 4 Bradynobaenidae [check] [check] 3 Tiphiidae [check] [check] 6 Halictidae [check] [check] 9 Eucollidae [check] [check] 4 Bethyliidae [check] [check] 3 Ormyridae [check] [check] 2 Mutillidae [check] [check] 6 Braconidae [check] 7 Colletidae [check] 2 Scelionidae [check] 2 Chalcididae [check] 2 Torymidae [check] 1 Diapriidae [check] 1 Eucharitidae [check] 3 Evaniidae [check] 1 Andrenidae [check] 1 Sapygidae [check] 1
These families include Ichneumonidae (Arthur & Wylie 1959), Pteromalidae (Assem 1971), Braconidae (Tillman & Cate 1993), Aphelinidae (Opp & Luck 1986) and Eulophidae (Corrigan & Lashomb 1990); in addition to the Trichogrammatidae demonstrated by Salt (1940).
2012), quienes con trampas de intercepcion de vuelo de siete colores (amarillo, azul, verde, blanco, morado, negro y rojo) citaron que las de color amarillo y verde atraparon mas individuos de la familia Ichneumonidae comparado con las de los otros colores.
Ichneumonidae was the third-richest family in the NC subarea (number [n]=51), while in the C subarea, Braconidae was the third most abundant (n=25) (Figure 4).