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Lateral curvature of the spine.



a lateral deviation of the spine in man. Scoliosis develops during the period of rapid growth of the spine, between the ages of five and 15; it is three to six times more common in girls. The deviation may be to the left or to the right. Scoliosis generally occurs in the thoracic segment of the spine. It may subsequently also affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped scoliosis. If scoliosis is pronounced, the pelvis becomes misaligned, the gait is abnormal, and lung and heart functions are impaired. Scoliosis combined with kyphosis is called kyphoscoliosis.

Scoliosis may be congenital, caused by abnormal embryonic development, or acquired. Acquired scoliosis may develop from rickets, injuries (usually after a spinal fracture in the lumbar segment), paralysis (for example, during poliomyelitis), or reflex pain (for example, if the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed, resulting in the reflex strain of spinal muscles). Children who do not sit properly at their school desks are often afflicted with scoliosis; this type of scoliosis is usually accompanied by rachitic scoliosis.

Preventive measures are based on eliminating the main causes of the disease. Health standards should be observed in designing children’s furniture, and children should be taught to sit properly at a desk or table. Therapy includes swimming and exercise. Those with pronounced scoliosis can wear special corrective corsets or have surgical treatment.


Movshovich, 1. A. Skolioz. Moscow, 1964.
Liandres, Z. A., and L. K. Zakrevskii. Operativnoe lechente skoliozov u detei. Leningrad, 1967. (Contains bibliography.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Dobbs, "Effects of bracing in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis," NEngl J Med, vol.
Levels of platelet calmodulin for the prediction of progression and severity of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Cortical somatosensory-evoked potentials during spine surgery in patients with neuromuscular and idiopathic scoliosis under propofol-remifentanil anaesthesia.
The screening of this targeted age group was designed to detect adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) as well as other perceived spinal irregularities, including kyphosis and lordosis.
Since scoliosis can run in families, a child who has a parent, brother, or sister with idiopathic scoliosis should be checked regularly for scoliosis by the family physician.
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a curvature of the spine with no clear underlying cause.
Risk factors for the development of delayed infections following posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients.
It offers treatment guidelines for idiopathic scoliosis, presenting real-life case studies to reveal specific surgical and nonoperative approaches to multiple types of adolescent idiopathic spinal deformity.
Specific topics include the role of scoliosis in the Human Genome Project, mechanical modulation, clinical evaluation during adolescence, criteria for conservative management, intensive outpatient rehabilitation based on Schroth methods, function in idiopathic scoliosis, timing of bracing, different types of braces, cosmetics after bracing, and the quality of life after conservative treatment.
Idiopathic scoliosis accounts for most spinal curvatures and they may either be early onset, before the age of seven, or late onset, usually in adolescence.

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