Tokugawa Ieyasu

(redirected from Ieyasu Tokugawa)

Tokugawa Ieyasu

 

Born Dec. 15,1542, in Aichi Prefecture; died 1616 in Kunazan, near Shizuoka. Japanese feudal lord; founder of the Tokugawa shogunate.

Tokugawa was a close associate of Oda Nobunaga and Toyo-tomi Hideyoshi, the military leaders who in the late 16th century established a centralized feudal state in Japan. After Toyotomi’s death in 1598, Tokugawa became the leader of a coalition of feudal lords. In 1600, in the battle of Sekigahara, he completely defeated his opponents, who had formed an alliance under Toyo-tomi Hideyori, the son of Hideyoshi. In 1603, after forcing the emperor to confer on him the title of shogun, Tokugawa concentrated all power in his own hands. Although in 1605 he declared that power had been transferred to his son, Hidetada, he in fact continued to rule the country. Tokugawa issued edicts confirming the enserfment of the peasants. He also promulgated codes of conduct for princes and noblemen, as well as for the emperor and members of his court, which placed them under the shogunate’s control.

REFERENCE

Sadler, A. L. The Maker of Modern Japan: The Life of Tokugawa Ieyasu. London [1937].
References in periodicals archive ?
History's well-loved rulers--King David, Ashoka, Wen of Han, Marcus Aurelius, Ieyasu Tokugawa, Catherine the Great, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Lee Kuan Yew--all reigned over periods of relative peace and prosperity.
On the twelfth day of the second month of 1603 Emperor Goyoze appointed Ieyasu Tokugawa shogun (generalissimo) and thus began a seminal event in Japanese history; the Tokugawa were to administer Japan until the next great change in Japanese history, the fall of that Shogunate rule in 1867, and the restoration of imperial rule.
Around 1600, Ieyasu Tokugawa led a coalition of local lords to victory in battle and established a Japanese national dynasty that would last until the Meiji Restoration of 1868.
In 1614, Ieyasu Tokugawa banned Christian missionaries as part of Japan's seclusion policies.
Born in 1563, he came to the attention of Hideyoshi Toyotomi, who admired his incisive intelligence and took him into his service; as Hideyoshi's vassal he was master of Sawayama Castle (1585); served as inspector general during the Korean campaign; one of the five bugyo (commissioners) appointed by Hideyoshi on his deathbed (1598) to carry out the decisions of the regents for his infant son, Hideyori; worked to form a coalition of daimyo to isolate Ieyasu Tokugawa, the most powerful of Hideyoshi's supporters, and the chief regent; their struggle for power in Japan culminated in the great battle of Sekigahara (October 21, 1600); captured in the aftermath of the battle, he was executed on Tokugawa's orders (late October 1600).
1555-1586); succeeded in checking Hideyoshi Toyotomi's initial advance (1587); Toyotomi's superior numbers eventually overwhelmed the Shimazu, but he treated them well, allowing them to keep their domain; but he compelled Yoshihisa to retire in favor of Yoshihiro, who became a loyal supporter; led a division during Toyotomi's invasion of Korea, and performed heroically in a defensive role (summer 1598); sided against Ieyasu Tokugawa at the battle of Sekigahara (October 21, 1600), and when Tokugawa emerged victorious, he was obliged to yield clan leadership to his son, Tadatsune; died in 1619.