Tokugawa Ieyasu

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Tokugawa Ieyasu


Born Dec. 15,1542, in Aichi Prefecture; died 1616 in Kunazan, near Shizuoka. Japanese feudal lord; founder of the Tokugawa shogunate.

Tokugawa was a close associate of Oda Nobunaga and Toyo-tomi Hideyoshi, the military leaders who in the late 16th century established a centralized feudal state in Japan. After Toyotomi’s death in 1598, Tokugawa became the leader of a coalition of feudal lords. In 1600, in the battle of Sekigahara, he completely defeated his opponents, who had formed an alliance under Toyo-tomi Hideyori, the son of Hideyoshi. In 1603, after forcing the emperor to confer on him the title of shogun, Tokugawa concentrated all power in his own hands. Although in 1605 he declared that power had been transferred to his son, Hidetada, he in fact continued to rule the country. Tokugawa issued edicts confirming the enserfment of the peasants. He also promulgated codes of conduct for princes and noblemen, as well as for the emperor and members of his court, which placed them under the shogunate’s control.


Sadler, A. L. The Maker of Modern Japan: The Life of Tokugawa Ieyasu. London [1937].
References in periodicals archive ?
Beginning from the mid-sixteenth century, Japan was vastly transformed by the "three unifiers" of medieval Japan--Nobunaga Oda, who unified Japan through military force; Hideyoshi Toyotomi, who established the fundamental governance policies that followed unification; and Ieyasu Tokugawa, who, together with his successors, sustained and adapted these structures to last for 260 years.
On the twelfth day of the second month of 1603 Emperor Goyoze appointed Ieyasu Tokugawa shogun (generalissimo) and thus began a seminal event in Japanese history; the Tokugawa were to administer Japan until the next great change in Japanese history, the fall of that Shogunate rule in 1867, and the restoration of imperial rule.
In 1614, Ieyasu Tokugawa banned Christian missionaries as part of Japan's seclusion policies.