Philippine Independent Church

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Philippine Independent Church,

religious body that separated from the Roman Catholic Church in 1902 and rejected the spiritual authority of the pope. It is known popularly as the Aglipayan Church, after its founder Gregorio Aglipay. Initially it drew large numbers as a result of nationalist feelings, but later its membership dwindled significantly. Doctrinal disputes and strong factionalism developed. One group allied with American Unitarians and split into various parties. Another, a trinitarian group, moved toward the Episcopal Church, by which their ministers were ordained after 1948 and with which they were formally united in 1961. In 1965 the Philippine Independent Church joined the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht. (See also Old CatholicsOld Catholics,
Christian denomination established by German Catholics who separated themselves from the Roman Catholic Church when they rejected (1870) the decrees of the First Vatican Council, especially the dogma of the infallibility of the pope.
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Bibliography

See P. S. de Achutegui and M. A. Bernad, Religious Revolution in the Philippines (2 vol., 1960–66).

References in periodicals archive ?
de Boer/Peter-Ben Smit, In necessariis unitas: Hintergrunde zu den okumenischen Beziehungen zwischen der Iglesia Filipina Independiente, den Kirchen der Anglikanischen Gemeinschaft und den Altkatholischen Kirchen der Utrechter Union (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2012).
23) Here, the document refers back to an institution that was in place in order to coordinate the relationship between the Iglesia Filipina Independiente and the Episcopal Church
During the early years of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente, churches outside the Roman Catholic Church have recognized it.
The basis of agreement between the Old Catholic Churches in Union with Utrecht and the Iglesia Filipina Independiente was the Bonn agreement; this is the standard pattern of the agreements signed by the IFI and the provinces of the Anglican communion, and even the IFI and the Church of Sweden.