Ijo

(redirected from Ijaws)

Ijo

 

(also Ijaw; self-designation, Ije), a people living in southern Nigeria in the delta of the Niger River. Population, approximately 800,000 (1967 estimate). The Ijo’s language is conventionally attributed to the Guinean group of languages. The majority of the Ijo are Christians, but some retain the local traditional beliefs. At the beginning of the 15th century, the Ijo founded the city of Bonny, which was one of the centers of the slave trade in West Africa. The principal occupations are tropical agriculture (yams, manioc, and sweet potato), gathering the fruit of the oil palm, and fishing.

References in periodicals archive ?
Continuing, ''In Bayelsa, we deliberately democratise knowledge by sponsoring many Bayelsans and Ijaws outside the state, by building world-class educational infrastructure, more and more schools across the state and making education free and compulsory with boarding facilities.
The Yorubas, Igbos and Ijaws are the three largest ethnicities in southern Nigeria.
The autonomy of this area--mostly inhabited by several minority ethnic groups, the largest of whom are the Ijaws, Urhobos, Itsekiri, Ogonis, Andonis, Annang, Isoko, and many others--from the influence of majority ethnic groups in the country was always a major factor in the demand for state creation even before independence.
Bayelsa is the central home of the Ijaws who are predominantly fishermen.
This was common among the Ijaws, isoko, Urhobo and Iteskiri ethnic groups.
Worse yet, the Ijaws, fed up with being cheated of their birthright, finally took up arms a decade ago and have since been showing up the Nigerian state for what it is: corrupt, inefficient and incapable of engaging with a handful of young men in the creeks--or militants, if you prefer--from which the oil is tapped.
According to Patterson Ogon of the Ijaw Council for Human Rights, approximately 2,600 Ijaws were killed in oil-related protests or repression between December 1998 and November 1999.
The Priests for instance with what one can call the circular "halo" over the eye is a representation of sanctity among the Ijaws.
Other sources say that the four people were killed and 25 houses burnt in Warri in ethnic clashes between Urhobos and Ijaws.
One of the issues in the Warri crisis--violence among the Ijaw, Itsekiri and Urhobo ethnic groups in the Warri area that flared up in 1997 over the location of a local government headquarters and continues today--is the allegation from the Ijaws and Urhobos that Shell and Chevron had unfairly directed contracts and other benefits to the Itsekiri community.