Ikki


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Ikki

 

peasant uprisings in feudal Japan.

The peasant uprisings of the 15th and 16th centuries are divided into the pre-Ikki, Ikko-Ikki, Tokusei-Ikki, and Kuni-Ikki revolts. The pre-Ikki revolts were “land revolts,” that is, peasant uprisings for such demands as the reduction of rents; the most important of these was the 1428 uprising, which encompassed almost all the central provinces. The Ikko-Ikki uprisings were carried out under the banner of the Ikko Buddhist sect. The largest of these uprisings were in the 15th and 16th centuries. The Tokusei-Ikki were urban and peasant uprisings against usurers, and the Kuni-Ikki were “provincial uprisings,” that is, peasant and Samurai uprisings; the most important of these was in the province of Yamashiro in 1485–93. A total of 164 outbreaks are known.

Uprisings that occurred from the 17th century through the 19th were called Hyakusho-Ikki (this concept included not only uprisings but also other antifeudal outbreaks by the peasantry). Throughout the entire Tokugawa period (1603–1867), about 1,640 uprisings and other peasant outbreaks are known. The antifeudal struggle of the peasants weakened the Tokugawa government and facilitated its downfall at the time of the Bourgeois Revolution of 1867–68 (the Meiji Restoration).

References in periodicals archive ?
He has also shown an interest in regression, not only in his displays of children's playthings and blankets but also in his 1992 essay about The Baby and the cartoon character Baby Huey titled "Filmic Regression" (there is a glancing reference to it in Voyage, when Ikki takes a nap and dreams of women's breasts; in the essay, Kelley cites Melanie Klein's idea of the mother's breast as a primary object "from the beginning of life," as well as selections of psychoanalytic film theory that relate the breast to the film screen).
Titulo del documento: Perepiska IKKI i Karibskogo biuro IKKI c TsK KP Puerto-Riko
221-47) pointed out, to translate the term ikki as "peasant revolts" is to suggest too narrow a range of historical experience, an observation that rings true even for the early modern era.
eru vordnir andar ti Gud andar ikki men er andi og heist tann einasti
Screenplay, Takayuki Sugisald, based on the manga by Ikki Kajiwara, Takumi Nagayasu.
COLOURFUL ADDITION amBX lighting, as shown in Luxembourg's IKKI nightclub BRIGHT IDEA amBX lighting, showcased at the Pittsburgh Home and Garden Show
In addition to an eighteen-foot-high baby made from junk, and a playground, the installation features a four-channel video that stars Smith's character Baby Ikki visiting the Burning Man festival--the perfect place for a mute, ambiguously sexed toddler.
At Obihiro, Hokkaido, Ikki Shimamura and Tuffy Rhodes each hit a pair of solo homers and Hirotoshi Kitagawa and Alex Cabrera also went deep as Orix scored all eight runs on homers in beating Nippon Ham.
The 28-year-old made up seven places at the start, was even running as high as third at one point but found himself at the back of the field when he ended up in the gravel, over-shooting on a bend passing He ikki Kovalainen's McLaren after the second safety car re-start.
Since this particular archive has published a relatively well-distributed guidebook, one could perhaps also access the putevoditel' and look up the fond number, ascertaining that this document came from the collection of Agitprop IKKI, or the Comintern's Agitprop Department.
Apart from the auction itself there will also be a fashion display featuring clothes made by students from the UCE for their graduate show as well as striking designs by Beverley Sloly from IKKI, the Birmingham-based label worn by many of the guests at the wedding of David and Victoria Beckham.