Lorenzo de' Medici

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Medici, Lorenzo de',

1492–1519, duke of Urbino (1516–19); son of Piero de' Medici. His uncle, Pope Leo XLeo X,
1475–1521, pope (1513–21), a Florentine named Giovanni de' Medici; successor of Julius II. He was the son of Lorenzo de' Medici, was made a cardinal in his boyhood, and was head of his family before he was 30 (see Medici).
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, made the youthful Lorenzo duke of Urbino. After his early death, however, Urbino reverted (1521) to the Della Rovere family. A patron of the arts and humanities, Lorenzo has been immortalized by MichelangeloMichelangelo Buonarroti
, 1475–1564, Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet, b. Caprese, Tuscany. Early Life and Work

Michelangelo drew extensively as a child, and his father placed him under the tutelage of Ghirlandaio, a respected artist of the day.
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, who designed and made his tomb in the Church of San Lorenzo, Florence. Of the three statues adorning his tomb, one represents Lorenzo in a pensive attitude (hence it is known as the Pensieroso) and the other two represent Dawn and Dusk. Lorenzo was the father of Catherine de' Medici, queen of France.

Medici, Lorenzo de'

(lōrĕn`tsō dā mĕ`dĭchē, Ital. mā`dēchē), 1449–92, Italian merchant prince, called Lorenzo il Magnifico [the magnificent]. He succeeded (1469) his father, Piero de' Medici, as head of the Medici family and as virtual ruler of Florence. One of the towering figures of the Italian Renaissance, he was an astute politician, firm in purpose, yet pliant and tolerant; a patron of the arts, literature, and learning; and a reputable scholar and poet. Without adopting any official title, he subtly managed to conduct the affairs of the Florentine state. His lavish public entertainments contributed to his popularity, but, in combination with his mediocre success as a businessman, they helped to drain his funds. His growing control of the government alarmed Pope Sixtus IVSixtus IV
, 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. He was made general of his order, the Franciscans, in 1464 and became (1467) a cardinal.
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, who helped to foment the Pazzi conspiracyPazzi conspiracy
, 1478, plot against Lorenzo de' Medici (Lorenzo il Magnifico) and his brother Giuliano, designed to end the hegemony of the Medici in the Florentine state and to enlarge papal territory.
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 (1478) against Lorenzo and his brother, Giuliano de' Medici. Giuliano was stabbed to death during Mass at the cathedral, but Lorenzo escaped with a wound, and the plot collapsed. Lorenzo retaliated against the Pazzi, and Sixtus excommunicated him and laid an interdict on Florence. An honorable peace was made not long afterward. In 1480, in order to retrieve his huge financial losses, Lorenzo used his political power to gain control over the public funds of Florence. The city, however, flourished, and Lorenzo, who played an important role on the international scene, constantly worked to preserve general peace by establishing a balance of power among the Italian states. Through his credit with Pope Innocent VIII he obtained a cardinal's hat for his son Giovanni (later Pope Leo X). In spite of the attacks of Girolamo SavonarolaSavonarola, Girolamo
, 1452–98, Italian religious reformer, b. Ferrara. He joined (1475) the Dominicans. In 1481 he went to San Marco, the Dominican house at Florence, where he became popular for his eloquent sermons, in which he attacked the vice and worldliness of the
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, Lorenzo allowed him to continue his preaching. Lorenzo spent huge sums to purchase Greek and Latin manuscripts and to have them copied, and he urged the use of Italian in literature. His brilliant literary circle included Poliziano, Ficino, Luigi Pulci, and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. He was a patron of Sandro Botticelli, Ghirlandaio, Filippino Lippi, Andrea del Verrocchio, Michelangelo, and other famed artists. His own poetry—love lyrics, rustic poems, carnival songs, sonnets, and odes—shows a delicate feeling for nature. His son Piero de' Medici succeeded him as head of the family but was expelled from Florence two years later.


See C. M. Ady, Lorenzo de' Medici and Renaissance Italy (1955, repr. 1964); C. L. Mee, Lorenzo de Medici and the Renaissance (1969).

Lorenzo de' Medici.

For the members of the MediciMedici
, Italian family that directed the destinies of Florence from the 15th cent. until 1737. Of obscure origin, they rose to immense wealth as merchants and bankers, became affiliated through marriage with the major houses of Europe, and, besides acquiring (1569) the title
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 family thus named, use Medici, Lorenzo de'.

Medici, Lorenzo De’


(Lorenzo the Magnificent). Born January 1449 in Florence; died there Apr. 8, 1492. Italian writer and political figure.

Lorenzo was the de facto ruler of Florence from 1469. Under his rule the republican form of government lost all significance. He maintained his authority through repression. At the same time, Lorenzo patronized humanists, poets writing in Italian, and artists; his policies helped transform Florence into the greatest center of Renaissance culture.

Lorenzo wrote a book of verse in which, following the example of Dante, he introduced a text in prose containing the story of his love (Commentaries to Some of My Own Sonnets). He was also the author of the lyrical narrative poem Forests of Love; mythological narrative poems in the manner of Renaissance idylls, for example, his Apollo and Pan; and works connected with folklore and popular festivals, including narrative poems containing descriptions of everyday life (The Feast, or The Drunkards, The Falcon Hunt), as well as Carnival Songs, Dance Songs, and The Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne. Lorenzo wrote religious verses (lauds), the mystery play St. John and Paul, and the anticlerical short story “Giacoppo,” which provided the plot for Machiavelli’s Mandragola.


Opere, 2nd ed., vols. 1-2. Edited by A. Simioni. Bari, 1939.


Mokul’skii, S. S. Ital’ianskaia literatura: Vozrozhdenie i Prosveshchenie. Moscow, 1966.
Palmarocchi, R. Lorenzo il Magnifico. Turin, 1946.
Brion, M. Laurent le Magnifique. Paris, 1962. (Bibliography, pp. 35-39.)


References in classic literature ?
Do you refer to Lorenzo il Magnifico, or to Lorenzo, Duke of Urbino, or to Lorenzo surnamed Lorenzino on account of his diminutive stature?
Florence from PS137pp: Head to florence for a two-night B&B stay at the Lorenzo Il Magnifico.
The author examines the cinematic movement through diverse film directors and their capolavori--Dino Risi with Una vita difficile (1961) and Il sorpasso (1962), Mario Monicelli with La grande guerra (1959), Pietro Germi with Divorzio all'italiana (1961) and Sedotta e abbandonata (1964), Alberto Lattuada with Mafioso (1962), Antonio Pietrangeli Il magnifico cornuto (1964), and finally Elio Petri with Il maestro di Vigevano (1963).
Among the English-language papers are Renaissance Englishwomen's Latin poetry of praise and lament, medical astrology in Galeotto Marzio's treatise dedicated to Lorenzo il Magnifico, the two versions of Erasmus' Apologia de In principio erat sermo and the role of Edward Lee, the significance of Latin book production by the academic press of the University of Trnava for the development of science in what is now Slovakia, two Latin dissertations on playful marriage vows and other sources of 17th-century lawsuits, Tacitism in theory and practice, chronograms and other pastimes, and the annals as a genre of Hungarian Jesuit historiography in the 17th-18th centuries.
Club Il Magnifico provides a sophisticated setting for the perfect romantic evening with live music performances, while the Pizza Corner and Noodle Bar guarantee delicacies on board.
The interest in clay as a sculptural medium was kept alive at the end of the 15th century by a student of Donatello's named Bertoldo, who, according to Vasari, oversaw the unofficial art academy that was maintained by Lorenzo il Magnifico de' Medici in a garden near the church of San Marco.
Il principe e il mercante nella Toscana del Quattrocento: Il Magnifico Signore di Piombino Jacopo III Appiani e le aziende Maschiani di Pisa.
The first half of part three, 'Ownership', provides a close examination of the 1492 inventory compiled after the death of Lorenzo il Magnifico, which lists at least forty two Flemish paintings (out of 142) and more than 100 pieces of tapestry.
lThere is a first training double for Duncan Sasse when Meaden (Robert Edmondson) slams Benroy (Scobie Breasley/Tommy Carter) in the two-miler, and Proud Pathan (Terry Cain, 3lb) wins the mile handicap from Il Magnifico (Dickie Westbrook/Greville Starkey).
The cast also includes the neighbourhood love poet, Il Magnifico (Joe Mantegna), who seems to be both a neighbourhood legend and a semimythical figure, and widow Mrs.
30 m2 terrace) Harbor Rooms(b) (60 m2) 6 (Y)80,000 -(Y)92,000 Porto Paradiso Suite (81/83 m2) 4 (Y)150,000 MiraCosta Suite (87 m2) 8 (Y)200,000 Il Magnifico Suite (199 m2) 1 (Y)500,000 Total Number 33 Terrace Rooms (14) (43 m2 + approx.
Essi agivano socialmente, insieme a Filippo, come fruitori e contribuenti di quel sistema clientelare su cui si basava la politica medicea dai tempi di Lorenzo il Magnifico.