Iliad


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Iliad:

see HomerHomer,
principal figure of ancient Greek literature; the first European poet. Works, Life, and Legends

Two epic poems are attributed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Iliad

 

an ancient Greek epic poem about Ilium (Troy), attributed to Homer.

Contemporary scholarship on ancient Greece and Rome maintains that the Iliad, based on legends from the Cretan and Mycenaean era, originated in the Greek Ionian cities of Asia Minor sometime during the ninth or the eighth century B.C. The poem consists of approximately 15,700 hexameter verses. During the fourth or third century B.C. it was divided into 24 books by the classical philologist Zenodotus of Ephesus.

The Iliad tells of the heroic siege of Troy by an Achaean army, composed of many tribes and headed by the Mycenaean leader Agamemnon. Among the epic’s principal heroes are Achilles, Menelaus, and Hector.

In the undifferentiated state of its epic consciousness, the Iliad represents the world as an integral, commensurate, and qualitatively uniform entity. Therefore, in antiquity the Iliad was considered to be of unsurpassed artistic and historical value as a compendium of knowledge and as a source of philosophy and poetry. Much of the poem’s historical and geographical information has been verified by the archaeological excavations begun by H. Schliemann.

The Iliad has been translated into Russian several times since the end of the 18th century. N. I. Gnedich was the first to translate it using the original meter (1829).

EDITIONS

Homeri carmina, vol. 1: Homeri Ilias. Edited by A. Ludwich. Leipzig, 1902–07.
The Iliad, 2nd ed. Edited by W. Leaf. London, 1900–02.
Homeri opera, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Edited by D. B. Monro and T. W. Allen. Oxford, 1908.
Homerus Iliade, vols. 1–4. Edited by P. Mazon. Paris, 1937–38.
In Russian translation:
Iliada. Translated by N. I. Gnedich. Moscow, 1960.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Ob iskusstve, vol. 1. Moscow, 1967.
Tronskii, I. M. “Problemy gomerovskogo eposa.” In Gomer: Iliada. Translated by N. I. Gnedich. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.
Sakharnyi, N. L. Iliada…. Arkhangel’sk, 1957.
Losev, A. F. Gomer. Moscow, 1960.
Markish, S. Gomer i ego poemy. Moscow, 1962.
Wilamowitz-Mollendorff, U. Die Ilias und Homer, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1920.
Schadewaldt, W. Von Homers Welt und Werk, 2nd ed. Stuttgart, 1951.
Bowra, C. M. Heroic Poetry. London, 1952.
I. V. SHTAL’

Iliad

Homer’s epic detailing a few days near the end of the Trojan War. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad]
See: Epic

Iliad

Homer’s poetic account set during the legendary Trojan war. [Gk. Poetry: The Iliad]
See: War

ILIAD

(language, real-time)
A real-time language.

["On the Design of a Language for Programming Real-Time Concurrent Processes", H.A. Schutz, IEEE Trans Soft Eng SE-5(3):248-255, May 1979].
References in periodicals archive ?
The council has agreed Iliad can buy the site as "a special purchaser" because of the bid's regenerative effect and as the company is a developer of adjoining land.
Portrait of the gods and deities in the epic Iliad can be discussed from three perspectives:
Iliad said in a statement on Thursday that there can be no certainty that its offer would be accepted.
From an examination of the very first passage that Smith translates, Iliad 14.
Most critics, describing Miller as a truly gifted writer and the book as an exceptional first novel, appreciated the new angle on The Iliad as a quiet, moving love story; the beautiful character portraits; and the spare but eloquent prose.
A new doctoral thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, analysed 35 bird scenes in Homer's Iliad from around 700 B.
In book 9 of the Iliad, Achilles uses a striking simile to describe his feelings about the situation in which he finds himself: he compares himself, as Sgt.
At the beginning of the grand interpretation of The Iliad by the twentieth-century French Catholic philosopher Simone Weil, "The Iliad, Poem of Might," she proposes a definition of might: "It is that x that turns anybody who is subjected to it into a thing.
The Canaanites Iliad is an epic historical piece that tells the story of Palestinian struggle since the dawn of history to this day against tyrants and passing invaders.
LIVERPOOL developer Iliad has secured millions of pounds in debt funding to complete a pounds 38m student accommodation scheme in the Midlands.
The Iliad by Homer, translated by Herbert Jordan (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2008)