Illyricum


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Illyricum

a Roman province founded after 168 bc, based on the coastal area of Illyria

Illyricum

 

(1) The territory (Illyricum regnum) inhabited by an Illyrian tribe, the Ardaei, which was conquered by the Romans in 167 B.C. In 148 B.C. it became part of the Roman province of Macedonia.

(2) A Roman province probably formed in the second century B.C. (at the very latest, under Caesar in the mid-first century B.C.). It was on the territory of the remaining Illyrian tribes, which were conquered by the Romans at the end of the first century B.C. In A.D. 8, the extremely large province was divided into two parts: Upper Illyricum, or Dalmatia, and Lower Illyricum, or Pannonia.

(3) During the Roman Empire, the name given to a customs district that included the Danubian provinces of Rhaetia, Nori-cum, Pannonia, Dacia, Dalmatia, and Moesia. Under the emperor Diocletian (at the end of the third century), the district was divided into a western section (Illyricum occidentale) and an eastern section (Illyricum orientale). The district had great economic and strategic military significance for the Roman empire.

References in periodicals archive ?
Diana, Liber Pater, Terra Mater and the Nymphs are divinities of nature popular in Illyricum, while on Mercurius' or Minerva's <<Illyrian>> character one can only speculate.
La acestea, s-a adaugat dorinta unor episcopi ai Romei de a se amesteca, necanonic, in treburile bisericilor din Illyricum.
63) It is hard to believe that the Belegezites and the other tribes mentioned by the author of book 2 were responsible for the devastation of the islands of Thessaly and the Cyclades, of most of Illyricum, and of parts of Asia.
Rome's leader at Cannae, Lucius Aemilius Paulus, had earned distinction in successful campaigns in Illyricum (in the approximate area of modern Albania).
State Department functionaries studying trays of smoked salmon spoke of sending the 82nd Airborne Division to punish insolent barbarians not only in the deserts of Mesopotamia but also in the forests of Illyricum and the mountains of Cyrene; patrician lawyers gazing from high windows into the darkness of Central Park mentioned the imminent passage of new federal regulations (apropos the penal system and the tax code) intended to impose on America's plebeian rabble a long-overdue regime change equivalent to the military occupation of Iraq; trend-setting publishers in Greenwich Village, alert to a revived interest in the Emperor Caesar Augustus, commissioned new biographies amplifying Edward Gibbon's compliment to "the sublime perfections of an Eternal Parent and an Omnipotent Monarch.
We have also a letter of 46 from Cicero to Quintus Cornificius, Caesar's quaestor pro praetore in Illyricum during the Civil War, who was at this time the governor of Cilicia, and was the following year to be appointed governor of Syria by Caesar (Fam.
Later this policy could have invited the question why he had become intolerant of bishops in Illyricum standing by the creed of Ariminum (359), as other north Italian bishops such as Urbanus of Parma were.
His cult center in the Greek city of Epidauros was conveniently confused with the port of the same name in Illyricum, which was the actual predecessor of medieval Ragusium.
Born about 370, he was child when the Visigoths entered the Empire and settled in Moesia (northern Bulgaria) (376-382); elected king of the Visigoths (395), he marched on Constantinople after the death of Theodosius I the Great, complaining that the subsidy to the Visigoths was overdue; diverted by the prefect Rufinus, he swept on to ravage Thrace and Macedonia; met by an army under Stilicho, but combat was averted through the diplomacy of Rufinus and the eastern Emperor Arcadius; continued southward, plundering much of Greece, including Piraeus, Corinth, Argos, and Sparta (early 397); trapped in Elis by Stilicho, who allowed him to escape (spring), he was placated by Arcadius, who made him magister militum (commander in chief) in Illyricum (398?
Caesar received the consulship for the year 59 and a command in Cisalpine Gaul (extended to Transalpine Gaul) and Illyricum.
Estos dos emperadores nimbados han sido identificados como pertenecientes a la Tetrarquia, bien Diocleciano y Maximiano o Maximiano y Constancio (58), posiblemente los primeros, pero en cualquier caso situaciones similares de transplante de barbaros tenemos constancia en este periodo en la Galia, llevadas a cabo por Constancio, y en el Illyricum por Galerio.