Iltizam


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Iltizam

 

the tax-farm system in the Ottoman Empire, by which the feudal lord collected the ushr, a tithe paid in kind, and certain other taxes. The tax-farmers (or multazim) were usually important landowners, the governors of provinces, or other high officials, who resold—with a large profit—the right to collect the taxes to small tax-farmers. As a result, the actual rate of the tax significantly exceeded the sum paid into the treasury by the tax-farmer. The iltizam was officially abolished in the Ottoman Empire during the period of the Tanzimat, but in fact it was liquidated in Turkey only in 1925, along with the abolition of the ushr.

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Complemented by two journalist-litterateurs' testimonies especially solicited for this issue and an interview with an artist-poet who practiced art criticism, the studies draw on various theoretical approaches to cast fresh light on the Nahda and Arab literary modernity; iltizam and litterature engagee; the politics of translation and reception in cultural journalism; canon-formation in relation to journalism; gender and censorship of creative writers; the journalistic delineation of a literary generation's profile; and revolution and civil strife.
Il s'agit egalement d'une annee ou la qualite est pronee et sacree a travers la poursuite de la labellisation des projets immobiliers repondant favorablement aux criteres du label Iltizam.
Talk is about complaints from Iltizam Akperli, Mohubbat Jahabbarova, Vahid Jafarov, Gaya Aliyev, Amirulla Dadashzade,
Atlantik Paktina alinmaklig[m]imiz yani Birlesik Amerika dahil olarak Bati Avrupa devletleriyle birlesmek meselesi otedenberi iltizam ettigimiz esasli politikadir.
Kibrisin kavanin ve sair mesveret meclislerinde Rumlar, Hukumetin hukuk, kuvvet ve nufuzuna, Kibrisdaki mevcudiyet ve menafine hucum ettikce Turkler daima Hukumet tarafini iltizam ve mudafaa ettiler.
Devletin iktisadi alanda sikintiya girmesiyle basvurulan bir metod, timar arazilerinin iltizam yoluyla, pesinen kiraya verilmesiydi.
Medine-i Kayseriyye tabi Talas nam karye sukkanindan iken bundan akdem halik olan Karakoc nam zimminin sulbi sagir ogullari Gariz ve Oman ve Sahin ve Vez, sulbiye-i sagir kizlari Turfana ve Nazli ve Bagdad ve Sehistan tesviye-i umurlarina bir vasi lazim ve muhim olmagin hakim-i mevkiu'l-kitab tuba-leh ve husn-i meab hazretleri baisu'l-kitab Mehmet bin Abdullah nam kimesneyi vasi nasb ve tayin eyledikde ol dahi vesayet-i mezkureyi kabul ve hizmet-i lazimesini edaya taahhud ve iltizam etmegin ma-vaka bic't-taleb ketb olundu.
Shumayyil also wrote two novels (18) and was instrumental in opening the way for progressive and radical thought in Arab culture; particularly thought related to realism and iltizam (commitment) in the following decades.
Hanna refers to the hybridity of Abmad al-Jalfi, who was linked to the artisan community to which he belonged, to merchants with whom he dealt, and to members of the ruling class who controlled iltizam.
2-Lozan Sulh Anlasmasina kadar, Osmanli Hukumeti adina Kibris'taki Turk hukukunun muhafizi rolunde olan Ingiliz Mustemleke Hukumeti, bir taraftan, Rum unsur gibi, Turklerin de bir cemaat teskilati kurarak kendi sosyal ve iktisadi islerini tanzim etmelerine mani olurken, diger taraftan, her turlu icraatinda Rum unsuru acikca iltizam etmis, Turk haklarinin ziyaa ugramasina mustemirren goz yummustur.
From its first issue, published in January 1953, the Lebanese monthly journal al-Adab developed and disseminated a particular strand of existentialist philosophy: what Jean-Paul Sartre called engagement, typically translated in English as commitment and rendered in Arabic as iltizam.
D Label Iltizam Le secteur de l'immobilier ambitionne de se mettre au diapason des exigences de la qualite et de l'innovation.