Ilya Prigogine


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Prigogine, Ilya

 

Born Jan. 25, 1917, in Moscow. Belgian physicist and physical chemist. Member of the Royal Academy of Belgium (1953); academy’s president (1969).

Prigogine graduated from the Free University of Brussels and began teaching there in 1942. He was appointed professor in 1947. In 1962 he was made director of the International Institutes of Physics and Chemistry (Solvay, Belgium), and in 1967 of the Prigogine Center for Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics at the University of Texas.

Prigogine’s major work has been on the thermodynamics and statistical mechanics of nonequilibrium processes. He is responsible for one of the fundamental theorems in this field—the Prigogine theorem—and has been an initiator in the application of nonequilibrium processes to the study of biology. Prigogine is a member of many academies throughout the world.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v termodinamiku neobratimykh protsessov. Moscow, 1960.
Neravnovesnaia statisticheskaia mekhanika. Moscow, 1964.
Termodinamicheskaia teoriia struktury, ustoichivosti i fluktuatsii. Moscow, 1973. (With P. Glansdorff.)
References in periodicals archive ?
While fractals offer an eye-catching introduction to chaos studies, the work of the Nobel Laureate Ilya Prigogine provides an especially thought-provoking dimension.
See Ilya Prigogine, From Being to Becoming: Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences (New York: W.
Bronowski was echoed by Cousins (1985) in his conversations with four Nobel Laureates (Sir John Eccles, Brian Josephson, Ilya Prigogine, and Roger Sperry.
Zhang was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Ilya Prigogine Center for Statistical Mechanics and Complex Systems at the University of Texas.
Tiezzi (physical chemistry, University of Siena, Italy) introduces the elements of a new concept of physics, an evolutionary physics, based on the intuitions and fundamental work of Ilya Prigogine, winner of the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
Man is not the measure of all things, nor is the universe as a whole but rather, as the new paradigm scientist Ilya Prigogine said, the continual dialogue between the two.
Wells and The Time Machine and quotes Einstein, Bergson, and Ilya Prigogine to the effect that perhaps physics is finally just a collective piece of art, though very worthwhile to think about, develop further, discuss, and contest.
Now, however, Isabelle Stengers, co-author with Ilya Prigogine of Order Out of Chaos, has edited a book of essays on The Impact of Whitehead, providing the introductory essay and the translation into French of two essays.
But beginning with Ilya Prigogine, the 1977 Nobel laureate in chemistry, theorists have been arguing that complex systems are capable of making unexpectedly large leaps in self-organization that allow them to maintain a precarious non-equilibrium.
Ilya Prigogine, Isabelle Stengers, and Michel Serres all describe the physics of life coming from "the amplification of a fluctuation" from equilibrium.
Ilya Prigogine, recipient of the 1977 Nobel Prize for his work in non-equilibrium thermodynamics and a leading thinker in the fields of chaos and complexity.