Imam Ali's Birthday

Imam Ali's Birthday

13th day of the Islamic month of Rajab
Ali ibn Abu Talib was the cousin and son-in-law of the prophet Muhammad. He ruled the Rashidun Empire from 656 to 661. Due to sectarian differences in Islam, he is known variously as the fourth caliph by Sunni Muslims and the first imam by Shi'ite Muslims.
To pay tribute to Ali's special role in the Shi'ite succession, followers have always honored the anniversary of his birth date. The holiday is widely observed in countries with large Shi'ite populations, such as Iraq and Iran. Najaf, the Iraqi city where the imam is laid to rest, is a well-known commemoration site. Throughout the year, the city welcomes Shi'ite pilgrims from Iraq and beyond.
In Iran, Ali's birthday was designated an official holiday during the reign of Nasiru al-Din Shah, in the late 19th century. Today, sermons, speeches, and other events commemorating the imam's birth are overseen by the country's Ministry of Culture and Religious Guidance.
CONTACTS:
Iran's Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Imam Khomeini Sq.
Tehran, Iran
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