Agrippina Vaganova

(redirected from Imperial Ballet School)

Vaganova, Agrippina Iakovlevna

 

Born June 24 (July 6), 1879, in St. Petersburg; died Nov. 5, 1951, in Leningrad. Soviet ballerina, choreographer, and teacher. People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1934).

In 1897, Vaganova graduated from the St. Petersburg Theatrical School, where she studied with L. I. Ivanov, E. O. Vazem, and P. A. Gerdt. From 1897 to 1916 she danced at the Mariinskii Theater in St. Petersburg, becoming famous as a virtuoso of classical dance. Her best roles included Odette-Odile in Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake and the Tsar-maiden in Pugni’s The Little Humpbacked Horse. She began teaching in 1917 after leaving the stage. In 1921 she became a teacher at the Leningrad Choreographic School, where she became a professor in 1946. From 1931 to 1937, Vaganova was artistic director of the ballet of the S. M. Kirov Leningrad Opera and Ballet Theater, where she staged the ballets Swan Lake (1933) and Pugni’s La Esmeralda (1935). Vaganova’s work as a choreographer was marked by a search for new means of expression in the classical dance, which became an excellent model for performing—dancing as well as acting. From 1946 to 1951 she headed the subdepartment of choreography at the N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov Conservatory in Leningrad. She expounded her teaching methods in the book Fundamentals of the Classical Dance (1934; reprinted four times). The essence of her method consists in the demand for the comprehension and aesthetic expressiveness of dance movements and for the free use of technique based on the correct placing of the body and arms. Vaganova’s teaching methods are widespread in Soviet choreographic teaching practice and exert considerable influence on ballet abroad. Vaganova’s students included G. S. Ulanova, M. T. Semenova, O. G. Iordan, N. A. Anisimova, T. M. Vecheslova, N. N. Dudinskaia, and A. la. Shelest. She was awarded the State Prize of the USSR in 1946, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.

REFERENCES

Bogdanov-Berezovskii, V. M. A. Ia. Vaganova. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.
A. Ia. Vaganova. Stat’i. Vospominaniia. Materialy. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958. [Collection.]
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Beyond the iconic figure, one learns interesting historical facts: Although she received good training from the Imperial Ballet School in St.
Born in Georgia in 1904, Balanchine was trained in classical ballet at the czar's Imperial Ballet School in St.
After training at the Imperial Ballet School in her home city, she achieved fame for her performances in works choreographed by Mikhail Fokine, including The Dying Swan (1907).
Born out of wedlock to a washerwoman and the son of a wealthy Jewish banker, Federovsky is educated first by a rabbi, then at the Maryinsky Imperial Ballet School, where her father's family has connections.
Petersburg--born ballet teacher named Lydia Karpova, a contemporary of Michael Fokine, Anna Pavlova, Vaslav Nijinsky, and Tamara Karsavina at the Russian Imperial Ballet School.
Whether it was called the Imperial Ballet School, the Leningrad Choreographic Technicum, the Kirov Ballet School, or the Vaganova Ballet Academy, the name means the top of the line for ballet training.
As a student at the Imperial Ballet School in Russia in 1914, a 10-year-old Georgi Balanchivadze made his stage debut in The Sleeping Beauty, continuing ballet's long-held tradition of giving youngsters stage experience as soon as they're ready.
His teachers, Nikolai Tarassov and Alexei Varlamov, were direct links to the traditions of Russia's Imperial Ballet School, and Plissetski's uncle, Asaf Messerer (also one of Plissetski's teachers), wrote Classes in Classical Ballet, a comprehensive study of ballet technique that is still in use today.
Balanchine's was traditional: a pupil of the Imperial Ballet School in St.
Swan Lake, with choreography by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov, had been around for only eighteen years when Balanchine joined the Imperial Ballet School in 1913.
Petersburg's Imperial Ballet School, Vaslav Nijinsky became a legend in the early years of the twentieth century.
Alexandra Fedorova graduated from the Imperial Ballet School in 1902, in the same class as Tamara Karsavina.