duty

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duty,

in taxation: see tarifftariff,
tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic industries
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; excise taxesexcise taxes,
governmental levies on specific goods produced and consumed inside a country. They differ from tariffs, which usually apply only to foreign-made goods, and from sales taxes, which typically apply to all commodities other than those specifically exempted.
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.

Duty

 

a category of ethics that expresses the moral task of a particular individual, group of individuals, class, or people under specific social conditions and situations, a task that for them becomes an internally acceptable obligation. In this respect duty differs from the more abstract concept of what is due or fitting, which encompasses all the demands made on people in the form of norms.

In the history of mankind’s moral consciousness, duty has been interpreted in different ways, according to social or class conceptions of man’s obligations at a particular period in history; it has always been connected with specific problems of a time and of a given society. The concept of duty has included the fulfillment of the “simplest rules of the community of man,” which had been developed in the course of history. The problem of the nature of duty has always given rise to disagreement among the various schools and trends of philosophical ethics. The foundations of duty have been connected with the interpretation of moral necessity—the fulfillment of divine commands, cosmic or supernatural laws, official or unofficial social precepts, or self-realization of the internal potential of the personality.

In Marxist ethics, moral duty is regarded as the concretization of general requirements of morality, which have a historical origin and which pertain to existing circumstances, conditions, and a person’s abilities and potentials. These requirements determine the conditions and degree of his responsibility and constitute his motives and conscience. Thus, duty expresses the moral specifics of the socio-ideological position of personality with respect to the existing social situation and to the conflict and disposition of class forces, as well as the moral specifics of internal convictions and the means of their realization.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. “Nemetskaia ideologiia.” Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3, pp. 235-36.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo i revoliutsiia.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 33, chap. 5.
Lenin, V. I. “Zadachi soiuzov molodezhi.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41.
Arkhangel’skii, L. M. Kategorii marksistskoi etiki. Moscow, 1963.

O. G. DROBNITSKII

What does it mean when you dream about duty?

To feel bound by duty in a dream may be a reflection of the dreamer’s past experiences in the military. If, however, the dreamer is overly concerned with duty in their dreams, perhaps compulsive behavior or control issues are posing problems.

duty

1. a government tax, esp on imports
2. Brit
a. the quantity or intensity of work for which a machine is designed
b. a measure of the efficiency of a machine
References in periodicals archive ?
5%, a tenfold difference' and 'I am against import duties in general, but the current rules make things very difficult.
In addition to this, the Decision stipulates that, in accordance with the Law on Customs Policy of BiH, a traveler can transfer non-commercial goods without payment of import duties, in the value of up to 600 KM, instead of the current 200 KM, thus harmonizing the Decision with the regulations of the European Union and the amount of 300 euros.
Increased import duties on cigarettes and alcohol do not affect products from the US due to a Free Trade Agreement in place with Bahrain.
Companies like Honda have already started local assembly of its CRV model in India as even the reduced import duties will not aid in competitive pricing of the car.
From the perspective of traders always on the lookout for new markets and potential buyers, having up to date knowledge of the fixed import tariff rates is a must, not only to gauge their benefits, but also to be prepared in all ways for any hike or fall in the import duties in these challenging times.
They say import duties favour European producers at the expense of poorer families.
According to police, Minami Nippon Ham conspired with Kenji Nose, the head of a Canadian meat exporting firm, to evade taxes by abusing a taxation system that allows lower import duties on premium pork.
changed its customs regulations, relaxing import duties on the goods that would be returning from Mexico made from U.
In order to create an environment of efficiency and competition', import duties were reduced by 25 percentage points on cars upto 1000cc, 20 percentage points on cars uptc 1500cc, 25 percentage points on cars upto 1800cc, 50 percentage points on cars over 1800cc and from 105% to 75% on motor cycles.
The highly secure LaserCard information technology will be used to collect import duties, monitor quality, and control the importation of consumer-use chemical products such as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and detergents.
Japanese automakers Wednesday welcomed a ruling issued Tuesday by the appellate body of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that a Canadian law exempting import duties only for automobiles made by U.
US trade officials have still to decide which products will be hit by 100% import duties following a World Trade Organisation ruling against the EU's banana regime.