were duties on imports, whether or not import was accompanied by a sale or ownership transfer.
Resolutions in Massachusetts, South Carolina, and Rhode Island would have prohibited Congress from laying direct taxes unless revenues from imposts
and excises were insufficient.
91) "[The imposts
that] one state imposes, the neighbouring states enable the merchants to eludef.
Part V discusses indirect taxes and defines the four kinds of indirect taxes mentioned in the Constitution: duties, excises, imposts
, and tonnage.
For an impost
to satisfy the description of a tax it must be possible to differentiate it from an arbitrary exaction and this can only be done by reference to the criteria by which liability to pay the tax is imposed.
its foggy-clear outlines on vacancy),
Those were the clays when Detroit's automotive executives wrote off a little comer of the American auto marker to imposts
That section reads, "The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts
, and excises.
of the United States to acquire new territory does not depend upon any specific grant in the Constitution to do so, but flows from its sovereignty over foreign commerce, war, treaties, and imposts
The taxes, imposts
, levies and duties raised against the people of the sovereign nation may be so raised only by the leaders of the state, and by no other body.
Handicappers have the flexibility to impose variable imposts
, according to the merit of the relevant performance.
IDP is concerned that the revised international education imposts
on Australian institutions and the higher visa costs for international students could be a disincentive," he said.