Imre Madách

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Madách, Imre

 

Born Jan. 21, 1823, in Alsosztregova; died there Oct. 4, 1864. Hungarian poet and playwright.

The son of a noble, Madách studied philosophy and law at the University of Pest; he was a lawyer and later became a judge. His first anthology of verse was Flowers of the Lyre (1840). He was sympathetic to the Revolution of 1848-49 and wrote about it in his cycle of poems Camp Scenes. After the revolution was crushed, Madách hid L. Kossuth’s personal secretary in his home, for which he was sentenced to a year in prison. In the satirical drama The Civilizer (1860), Madách ridiculed the Austrian oppressors.

In 1859-60, Madách wrote a philosophical drama in verse, The Tragedy of Man (published 1861; Russian translation, 1904), whose protagonists, Adam and Eve, appear in various historical manifestations and personify the tragic hopelessness of mankind’s fate; however, the drama’s final conclusion is that struggle is the true goal of life. In his drama Moses (1861), Madách exhorted the Hungarian people to fight for national freedom.

WORKS

Osszes muvei, vols. 1-2. Budapest, 1942.
Válogatott muvei. Budapest, 1958.

REFERENCES

Waldapfel, J. Gorkij és Madách. Budapest, 1958.
Sotér, I. Áom a tortenelemrol: Az Madách Imre és az ember tragédiája. Budapest, 1969.

E. I. MALYKHINA

References in periodicals archive ?
Most of the names known to anglophone readers (from street, square, and monument names in Budapest if not from their poems) are in the first volume: Balint Balassi, Sandor Petofi, Imre Madach, Endre Ady, Dezso Kosztolanyi, Attila Jozsef, Miklos Radnoti, Gyula Illyes, Sandor Weores, and some others who died too recently to have been monumentalized.
The Budapest Puppet Theatre addresses the provocative (if somewhat grandiose) topic with an ambitious work by Theatre Jeune Public of Strasbourg: Adam, Eve, Lucifer and the others, based on The Tragedy of Man by Imre Madach (known as the Victor Hugo of Hungary).