incumbent

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incumbent

a person who holds an office, esp a clergyman holding a benefice

incumbent

[in′kəm·bənt]
(biology)
Lying on or down.
(geology)
Lying above, said of a stratum that is superimposed or overlies another stratum.
(ecology)
Referring to the occupation and utilization of resources to the exclusion of other species.

incumbent

An entity that is currently in power. An "incumbent company" is an organization that has been providing goods and services for some time. In politics, the "incumbent senator" is the person who currently holds that office. See ILEC.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Pennsylvania, another crucial swing state, we look at the re-election campaign of freshman incumbant Jason Altmire (D), who for the second consecutive election is facing off against Melissa Hart, the former Republican occupant of the seat.
Even if it is difficult to defeat a judicial incumbant, one could argue that the problem lies more with a system that allows lawyers to make contributions to the judges before whom they must appear in their legal practice.
Individual duties (wajib ayni or lard ayni) are incumbant upon all Muslims individually because of their religious and social significance, such as ritual prayer, fasting, (253) fulfillment of contracts, obedience to one's parents, (254) and the duty to understand certain religious rules.
Back in 1972, the year Nixon won his bid for a second term in the White House by a landslide, Robert Redford starred in "The Candidate," a prescient, biting political satire about a liberal lawyer with star appeal who's recruited to run against an incumbant California senator.
In alternative extensions of Yosha's (1995) model, a replacement could result from coordination among incumbant and entrant (in order to avoid or propagate leakage of information).
Masry announced his candidacy at a rally with incumbant councilwoman Linda Parks.
Mr Salmond said:"Compared to last year, there is a Scottish Parliament and a new director generalwho is thought to be more open-minded on the issue than the previous incumbant therefore the reality of a new Scottish political dimension is there.