Index Librorum Prohibitorum

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Index Librorum Prohibitorum

 

(Index of Forbidden Books), an official list, published by the Vatican, of books which the Catholic Church forbade its members to read upon threat of excommunication.

The Index was first issued as directed by Pope Paul IV in 1559. It was reissued more than 40 times (the latest edition dates from 1948), and during this process it was systematically enlarged.

The Index listed many of the finest creations of human thought, such as the works of G. Bruno, T. Hobbes, and Voltaire. In.the hands of the Catholic Church the Index was one of the means used in the struggle against science, as well as against progressive and revolutionary views. In 1966 publication of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum in its previous form was ceased. At the same time the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and conferences of bishops were charged with the task of keeping track of new editions of books and with warning church members against reading books not approved by the church.

Index librorum prohibitorum

list of forbidden books compiled by Roman Catholic Church. [Christian Hist.: NCE, 1323]
References in periodicals archive ?
The next edition of the Index of Prohibited Books was published by Gregory XVI in 1835, and in that Index the Copernican prohibition no longer appeared.
Nonetheless, as a result of Galileo's aggressive insistence on the physical reality of the Copernican system, De revolutionibus was placed on the index of prohibited books in 1616.
The subsequent affair also includes episodes such as the Church's acceptance of Copernicanism through the removal from the 1835 Index of Prohibited Books of Galileo's Dialogue and Copernicus's De revolutionibus; the declaration that scripture is not a scientific authority in Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Providentissimus Deus (1893); and the partial rehabilitation of Galileo by Pope John Paul II (1979-92).
This theory in turn informed the creation of the Index of Prohibited Books issued by the Spanish Inquisition.
Perhaps the most famous banned book list ever is the Catholic Church's now defunct Index of Prohibited Books.
1555 Pope Paul IV places the Prince and the Discourses by former papal ambassador Niccolo Machiavelli on the Index of Prohibited Books.
But by the middle of the century, schoolmasters that used them became suspect, and in the first papal Index of Prohibited Books (1559) even the strictly grammatical and rhetorical works were proscribed.
The remainder of the book is concerned with sixteenth-century proposals for the censorship of the Lives that Bauer uncovered in the archives of the Index of Prohibited Books stored in the Archives of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which were opened to scholars in 1998.
Which measure of orthodoxy should scholars apply: the Council of Trent, which met after Erasmus's death; the Index of Prohibited Books, which censured Erasmus's publications and was suppressed in 1966; the Second Vatican Council, which issued no disciplinary canons and did not define dogmas?
Fragnito's "The Expurgatory Policy of the Church and the Works of Gasparo Contarini" succinctly discusses the evolving versions of the Index of Prohibited Books and the problems of expurgation when the Congregation of the Index, its staff, and helpers lacked the resources (and willpower) to correct suspended books as the range of subject matter scrutinized increased especially in the 1590s.
Among the appendices are auction records, and a translation of the 1620 decree of the Inquisition, indicating corrections and deletions to be made in De revolutionibus, after it had been placed on the Index of Prohibited Books in 1616.

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