Indian Reorganization Act

(redirected from Indian Reorganization Act of 1934)

Indian Reorganization Act,

legislation passed in 1934 in the United States in an attempt to secure new rights for Native Americans on reservations. Its main provisions were to restore to Native Americans management of their assets (mostly land); to prevent further depletion of reservation resources; to build a sound economic foundation for the people of the reservations; and to return to the Native Americans local self-government on a tribal basis. The objectives of the bill were vigorously pursued until the outbreak of World War II. Although the act is still in effect, many Native Americans question its supposed purpose of gradual assimilation; their opposition reflects their efforts to reduce federal condescension in the treatment of Native Americans and their cultures.
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Barely 25 upon his appointment to the Department of the Interior in 1933, Cohen quickly began helping to draft the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 and chaired a committee charged with assisting tribes in organizing their governments in the Indian New Deal.
Her study centers on the century starting with the Indian Removal Act of 1830 through the Dawes Act of 1887 that granted reservation land to individual tribesmen, to the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 that returned certain land to Indian tribes.
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, also known as the Wheeler-Howard Act, inaugurated a sweeping change of policy in Native American affairs.
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 also played a role in controlling Indian nations.
The Northern Cheyenne Nation is a federally recognized Indian Tribe organized under an amended Constitution and Bylaws and Corporate Charter approved pursuant to the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, 25 U.

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