Indian

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Related to Indianized: acculturation, emporia

Indian

1. a native, citizen, or inhabitant of the Republic of India
2. an American Indian
3. any of the languages of the American Indians

Indian

(Buddhist) architecture (300 B.C.–320 A.D.)
1.
The earliest surviving buildings are of timber and mud-brick construction, of which the stupa is the most characteristic; it is a hemispherical mound with a processional path around the perimeter and elaborately carved gateways. The most typical is the stupa at Sanchi. In rock-cut Buddhist temples, the main forms and details follow early wooden prototypes, with elaborately carved stone shrines in which the exterior is more important than the interior.
2.
All types of temples in this style consist of a small unlit shrine crowned by a spire and preceded by one or more porch-like halls, used for religious dancing and music. The stone was laid up rough-cut and carved in place by Hindu sculptors who treated every element on every surface as unique, using the repetition of sculptural forms to achieve a unifying context. There was no attempt to evolve a style or to perfect any particular pillar or column.
3.
The Hindu and Buddhist religions had a strong influence on Far East temple architecture. One of the most well known and representative sites is Angkor Wat located in Cambodia, a temple complex of shrines that was intended as a funerary monument. It is perhaps one of the world’s largest religious structures and was conceived as a “temple mountain” within an enormous enclosure and surrounded by a wide moat. A monumental causeway, framed by giant mythical serpents, leads to the entrance gate. The temple is built on a series of stepped terraces, surrounded by towers at each corner. Vaulted galleries receive light from an open colonnade illuminating the continuous relief friezes which adorn the inner walls. The central sanctuary is a large pagoda-like tower on top of a stepped pyramid. It is joined by passageways to towers at each of the four corners at the base.
4.
An architecture in which temples are enclosed shrines preceded by an open porch, which is often elaborately carved. They have a lighter appearance and are more elegant than Hindu temples.

Indian

[′in·dē·ən]
(astronomy)
References in periodicals archive ?
If (as history shows us) American leadership was not to be formed by the union of white and red blood represented by Alice and Uncas, then at least it went to the best of the white folk: a true republican mother and an Indianized white man.
From here, you are led to Indianized southeast Asia and by degrees to the museum's central exhibition of Guimet's Khmer sculptures.
In a comprehensive plan to restructure education the commission suggests that the government "introduce Sanskrit as a compulsory subject in schools" in order that "the primary to the highest education should be Indianized, nationalized and spiritualized".
Over the years, the friars reasoned, Saint Thomas's identity had been Indianized and distorted.
Certainly, many of the Native American cultures became to some extent Europeanized, but it also is the case that English colonial culture became in part Indianized, with lasting historical effects" (p.
By mining a rich vein of precious ore, representing the work of scores of Indian historians, anthr opologists, linguists, archaeologists, agronomists, and other scholars, he has constructed a primer on the myriad ways in which European colonizers were Indianized and Indians were Europeanized over two centuries of continuous contact in North America.
The final chapter addresses the logical progression of such cultural syntheses, providing evidence of the ways external contributions to the music culture of the Mughals became Indianized throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
In an editorial titled ``Hallowed Be Thy Name,'' The Telegraph said that missionary work - now Indianized, since conversion by foreigners is not permitted - had become more of a career than the kind of calling that drew the early priests and nuns.
This problem is beautifully symbolized by a forceful and vivid anecdote: the conflicts and incidents provoked by the central government's decision to prohibit the Indianized bullfight.
The social foibles and hypocrisies of Anglified Indians and Indianized Britons are engagingly critiqued without being morally judged.
As a result of the ambiguous position of Hindi, a typically South Asian variant of English has developed that is highly Indianized in incorporating speech patterns from not only Hindi but also other Indian languages.
As an Indianized Briton in quasi-colonial Calcutta, he permanently adapted to Indo-British life and left an indelible mark in Bengali society.