Indirect Speech

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reported speech

When we tell other people what someone else told us, it is called indirect or reported speech. We use reporting verbs to introduce the information that was spoken previously.
The most common so-called “reporting verbs” are say and tell. When we use tell, we need to use another person’s name, or a personal pronoun representing him or her, as an indirect object.
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Indirect Speech


or indirect discourse, the speech of some person transmitted by a speaker (or writer) in a sentence clause subordinate to his own phrase, which introduces the discourse.

During the transmission of indirect speech, the utterance is transformed according to certain rules. For example, the indirect speech of a third person is transmitted as (in Russian): On skazal, chto budet doma (”He said that he will be at home”).

References in periodicals archive ?
This speech, while clearly expressing his devotion to Charicleia, whom he has not yet 'known' ([phrase omitted]), also recalls the indirect speech narrated by Calasiris at 3,17,3-4 (discussed above), where Theagenes' lack of interest in sex prior to meeting Charicleia was emphasised.
Making of the imperative is obtained through an indirect indication of speech acts and speech act immediately, and the meaning of pragmatic imperatives tend to use indirect speech acts.
He further carries on in indirect speech by telling her to lean on him and puts all the responsibility of what she did on her alone.
In an indirect speech act, the speaker communicates to the hearer more than he actually says by way of relying on their mutually shared background information, both linguistic and non-linguistic, together with the general powers of rationality and inference on the part of the hearer.
Moqayese Naqleqole Mostaqim va ghiremostaqim dar Zabane Farsi va Faranse" ("A Comparative Study of Direct and Indirect Speech in Farsi and French").
This process of selective presentation of characters' speech sometimes gives the content of free indirect speech a highly ambiguous quality.
Accordingly this utterance is known as an indirect speech act.
Direct and indirect speech are encapsulated in the scale >nat (indirect, direct) / speech.
Dizque is also widely used to introduce indirect speech.
Free Indirect Speech can be employed for several purposes.
He correctly identifies the use of "quod" to introduce indirect speech as a universal feature of Christian and medieval Latin that sometimes survives in authors of the humanist age, and he makes no attempt to link this to the English vernacular (J.
Verbal behaviors related to these descriptors include the presence of politeness markers, tag questions, verbal hedging, euphemistic and supportive-responsive speech, inclusive reference, and indirect speech.