Infant Feeding

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Infant Feeding


the systematic feeding of infants. There are two kinds of feeding: natural, or breast, feeding and artificial feeding. The milk of another woman may be used in natural feeding, but the mother’s milk is preferable. Mother’s milk contains all the substances necessary for the life and growth of the child. It also has antibodies, which provide the child with a high level of resistance to many infantile infections during the course of breast feeding. Children usually receive breast milk until the age of one year.

Artificial feeding is necessary in cases where the mother has no milk or for various other reasons (an illness of the mother, innate defects of the child’s sucking apparatus, or intolerance on the part of the child to the mother’s milk or to human milk in general, for example). Since human milk differs in composition from animal milk (cow, goat, buffalo, and so on) milk formulas are used which dilute animal milk with rice, oat, or buckwheat broth and have sugar and sometimes cream added (in order to approximate the composition of human milk). In some cases kefir, cottage cheese, and buttermilk are prescribed. In the case of artificial feeding, the milk must be supplemented with vitamins (cod-liver oil and fruit, berry, and vegetable juices).

With artificial feeding it is especially important to monitor weight gain in the child. Additional foods are prescribed after four or five months when the nutritive substances contained in breast milk are no longer sufficient for the child’s correct development. Porridge, fruit and vegetable purees, grated apples, blancmange, pudding, egg yolks, and, after eight months, ground meat are used as supplemental foods. After six months a child may have undiluted cow’s milk or kefir. The dairy industry distributes cow’s milk and milk formulas in powdered form in addition to preserved homogenized fruit and vegetable purees and other types of supplemental foods. The introduction of additional foods and the transition to artificial feeding are to be carried out only with a doctor’s permission.


References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Iowa Infant Feeding Scale, Psychometric properties, Infant feeding Maternal attitudes.
In defining the duration of exclusive breastfeeding, the analysis ignored whether or not a prelacteal feeding had occurred to allow for evaluation of whether such practices affected subsequent infant feeding.
Since EBM is not a food freely available from grocery stores, containers used for infant feeding (storage bags and bottles) do not need to be in compliance with the Food and Drugs Act regulations regarding food packaging and chemical safety.
The Heinz Infant Feeding series in Cyprus consists of specially formulated infant foods without added sugar and artificial colors or flavors, enriched with iron and other essential minerals.
There is no law in provinces to regulate sale of Breast Milk Substitutes and there is little emphasis in medical curricula on optimum infant feeding practices.
Sally Findley, a public health professor at Columbia University, says the new BYU study shows that infant feeding practices are the primary reason that childhood obesity hits hardest below the poverty line.
Further developments in infant feeding subsequent to this exercise of changing practices
The same body of evidence can lead to opposing interpretations, as seen in the debates on infant feeding and low-dose stavudine.
Such lack of partner involvement emerged as perilous in an HIV context where modification of infant feeding regimes was highly dependent upon male support.
According to a new national survey conducted by Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research (GQRR) and Public Opinion Strategies (POS), while almost all mothers acknowledge the importance and benefits of breastfeeding both for themselves and their babies, a large majority of moms want the right to make their own infant feeding decisions, based on all available information and to best suit their own family"s needs.
ISLAMABAD, April 17, 2009 (Balochistan Times) -- Health experts on Friday said that consistent efforts are needed to promote appropriate infant feeding practices in the country.