Information Language

Information Language

 

in a logical information-processing system, a formal semantic system consisting of an alphabet (a list of elementary symbols) and rules of formation, transformation, and interpretation. The formation rules establish which combinations of elementary symbols are allowed, the transformation rules establish which transformations of expressions (in the information language) result in logical inferences, and the interpretation rules specify how expressions composed according to the formation rules should be understood. Since the information language is used in logical information-processing systems to record facts and data, it must be unambiguous, convenient for deductive logical inference and for the identification of identical facts and data written in different form, and suitable for use in an information-processing computer. Such a construction of an information language does not allow all known facts and data to be input to a machine (that would be impossible), but only the essential ones, from which it is possible to obtain the rest by the transformation rules.

The more formalized the real language of a given branch of science (the most formalized languages are used in mathematics and chemistry), the easier it is to create an information language for it. It is necessary to distinguish an information language from an information retrieval language, which is designed for the solution of another, significantly simpler problem—the retrieval of texts (documents) whose basic semantic content answers a certain information request—and therefore has a different structure.

A. I. CHERNYI

References in periodicals archive ?
Since its launch, XAware has slowly made its mark with a software program that translates data stored on one system into a common information language, XML.
The goal is to make XBRL a fully universal financial information language that is both automatically attached to the data and transparent to the viewer.
xNAL: Extensible Name and Address Language -- xCIL: Extensible Customer Information Language -- xCRL: Extensible Customer Relationships Language
The Nitidus solution offerings implement the standard Internet eXtensible Markup Language (XML)-based RosettaNet Implementation Framework (RNIF) and provide dynamic translation of existing electronic product data into the RosettaNet standard product information language.
XML has been widely regarded as the information language of the future, whereby once the information is represented in XML, it can be rendered on any device using appropriate style sheets, and used in a multitude of knowledge and content management applications," said Tom Pisello, President, Connotate Technologies.

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