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Ingolstadt(ĭng`gôlshtät), city (1994 pop. 109,660), Bavaria, S central Germany, on the Danube River. It is a commercial and industrial center. Manufactures include engines, machinery, refined oil, and motor vehicles. Major oil pipelines link Ingolstadt to Marseilles, France, and the Italian cities of Genoa and Trieste. Chartered in 1250, Ingolstadt was besieged (1632) by Gustavus II of Sweden during the Thirty Years War. The Univ. of Ingolstadt (founded 1472 and removed to Landshut in 1802 and then to Munich in 1826) was a stronghold of the Counter Reformation; Joseph von Eck taught at the university from 1510 to 1543. The city's noteworthy buildings include the splendid Gothic Liebfrauenmünster (15th–16th cent.) and other churches.
a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in Bavaria, on the Danube River. Population, 72,000 (1970). Ingol-stadt is a transportation junction on the Nuremberg-Munich autobahn and the site of machine-building, metalworking, electrical engineering, and woodworking industries. In the postwar years, the construction of the Marseilles-Karlsruhe-Ingolstadt, Genoa-Ingolstadt, and Trieste-Ingolstadt oil pipelines in the 1960’s made Ingolstadt (and Neustadt) a center of petroleum refining of the FRG. Its refineries, which belong to Esso, Shell, and ENI, produced 12.2 million tons of oil in 1971.
First mentioned in 806, Ingolstadt was chartered as a city in 1250. The old town, situated on the left bank of the Danube, is rich in architectural monuments, such as the Gothic Cathedral of Our Lady (1425–1500) and the baroque church of Maria de Victoria (1732–36). The ducal castle (1417–47) now houses a museum of art.