We have selected Speaker 1 as a typical representative of contemporary Ingrians, who clearly opposes the two types of geminates, and measured the duration of segments in the whole set of recorded test words (altogether 174 words).
The present paper reports the results of an acoustic study of geminates in contemporary Soikkola Ingrian.
For more information regarding the dialectal and structural distribution of gemination see (Kettunen 1940; Nahkola 1987; Palander 1987; Paunonen 1973) regarding Finnish dialects; (Kettunen 1930 : 119-122; Viitso 1964) regarding Votic; (ranaxoBa 1979) regarding Ingrian Finnish; (Porkka 1885 : 37-42, JIaaHecT 1966 : 22-30; Laanest 1986 : 57-64) regarding Ingrian; (Tauli 1956 : 142-156; Viitso 2003 : 193 - 194) regarding Estonian; (Posti 1942 : 151-152, 162-163, 174) regarding Livonian.
There are quite few sources of information on Ingrian phonetics and phonology, and there are only two works involving the experimental study of Ingrian speech (Sovijarvi 1944) and (Gordon 2009).
Soikkola, Oredezhi and Hevaha Ingrian developed the following four types of gemination.
Lower Luga Ingrian has only one type of gemination occurring in disyllabic words after a short vowel: rahha 'money:Part' (JIaaHecT 1978 : 122), makkan sleep:Prs1Sg (JaaHecT 1978 : 122).
We also owe our thanks to Estonian Baltic Germans, Russians, Ingrians
, Jews, Latvians, and people of many other ethnicities who lived here and who did not spare themselves in the fight for one common Estonia," he added.
The existing special regime for the immigration of Ingrians
is to be phased out.
A second research group could work with Russian researchers to establish the fate of Ingrians
who were returned to the Soviet Union, Ylikangas said.
Finland, small though it may be, had aspirations toward a Greater Finland, a union encompassing the Ingrians
, Vepsians, and Karelians subdued within the great Soviet Empire.
The Finnish president spoke at the ceremony, saying that although the Ingrians have been given the option to emigrate to Finland, many of them will prefer to live in their home region and therefore it is natural for Finns to help them in Russia, too.
Officiating at the ceremony was the bishop of the Ingrian Lutheran church Aarre Kuukauppi who was assisted by Finnish churchmen, including the Finnish Lutheran archbishop Jukka Paarma.