Ingushetia


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Ingushetia

(ĭng'go͞oshĕt`ēə, –shē`shə) or

Ingush Republic

(ĭngo͞osh`), republic, c.1,240 sq mi (3,210 sq km), Russian Federation, in the N Caucasus. The capital (since 2003) is Magas, a new city in the suburbs of Nazran, the former capital. Ingushetia comprises roughly the western fifth of the former Chechen-Ingush Republic (see ChechnyaChechnya
or Chechen Republic
, republic (1990 est. pop. 1,300,000, with neighboring Ingushetia), c.6,100 sq mi (15,800 sq km), SE European Russia, in the N Caucasus. Grozny is the capital. Prior to 1992 Chechnya and Ingushetia comprised the Checheno-Ingush Republic.
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). The republic of Georgia lies to the south, across the Caucasus, and North Ossetia-Alania lies to the north and west. Farming, cattle raising, and horticulture are key occupations. The Ingush are Sunni Muslims and speak a Caucasian language.

The Ingush migrated from the Caucasus Mts. into the plains from the 16th cent. Long grouped with the Chechens, they were granted autonomy as the Ingush Region in 1924 but joined in the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Region in 1934. Many Ingush, along with Chechens, were deported into Central Asia in 1944 after collaborating with invading German forces during World War II; in 1956 the deportees were repatriated.

After Chechnya declared independence (1991), Ingushetia gained de facto separate status as a republic (formalized in 1992). The republic has suffered from political violence arising from an Islamist-tinged insurgency and government repression; in 2009 there was an assassination attempt on the region's president. The fighting in Chechnya occasionally has spilled over into Ingushetia, and there have been tensions with Chechnya, including disputes over territory. Also in 1992, violence in an Ingush-dominated district of neighboring North Ossetia-Alania (see OssetiaOssetia
or Alania
, Ossetian Iryston, region of the central Caucasus, divided between the Republic of Georgia and the Russian Federation. On the northern slope is North Ossetia-Alania (1990 est. pop.
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) drove many refugees into Ingushetia; the Ossetian district involved was officially Ingush territory prior to World War II, and remains a source of tension between the two republics.

References in periodicals archive ?
In an interview on the sidelines of the Egyptian-Russian Business Forum, Yevkurov said that there are many sectors that can lure Egyptian investors to Ingushetia, including textile, vehicle production, and meat production.
The seven policemen were killed and 10 others wounded when a suicide bomber attacked a wake being held on Sunday for a fellow officer shot a day earlier in the Malgobek district in the north of the Russian province of Ingushetia, news agencies reported.
During the meeting, aspects of cooperation between MWL and Islamic Institute of Ingushetia, particularly in the educational and cultural fields, were discussed.
We are looking forward to co-operation with Ingushetia,' he added.
The attacker blew himself up after approaching a checkpoint on a road near the border with Ingushetia province, a North Ossetian police official said.
As the Kremlin has begun to reestablish complete control in Chechnya, violence has shifted west to the much smaller region of Ingushetia.
Murders of human rights activists in Russia have been happening with such frequency that some will be tempted to shrug at the brutal slaying on Sunday of Maksharip Aushev, who campaigned against abuses by the security forces in the Caucasian republic of Ingushetia.
A WOMAN suicide bomber on Friday blew herself up in Nazaran, the capital of the Russian republic Ingushetia, fatally injuring the police chief there.
In that attack, a man succeeded in crashing a bombladen van through the gates of the police station in Nazran, Ingushetia.
11 October 2009 <p>Last week the president of the tiny Russian federal republic of Ingushetia in the Caucasus sacked his prime minister and Cabinet because, apparently, they had not stamped out corruption.
Russian officials said cash from foreign-based radical Islamic organizations is funding the recent surge of violence in Dagestan and the other two North Caucasus regions of Chechnya and Ingushetia in which dozens of people have died.