Inner Speech

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Inner Speech


(endophasia). (1) Speech that is directed by a person to himself (most often for the purpose of planning his own actions) and which is realized in an internal code—that is, not in audible speech.

(2) The internal program of an utterance that precedes its production in speech (“internal programming”).

(3) Articulatory movements that are not accompanied by sound (“internal utterances”).

The study and experimental recording of inner speech contribute to research on the relationships between language and thought and language and speech and on forms of thought and problems of speech perception. Inner speech is studied by linguists, psychologists, and physiologists.


Vygotskii, L. S. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie issledovaniia: Myshlenie i rech’. Moscow, 1956.
Zhinkin, N. I. “O kodovykh perekhodakh vo vnutrennei rechi.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1964, no. 6.
Sokolov, A. N. Vnutrenniaia rech’ i myshlenie. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Every thought fulfils a function in making sense of our lives (Ridgway, 2009) but it is not accompanied by speech unless a problem to be solved is particularly tricky or a situation stressful, in which case inner speech may emerge externally as monologic thinking aloud (Vygotsky, 1986).
This suggests that, unlike neurotypical adults, participants with autism do not normally use inner speech to help themselves plan.
The use of inner speech for self-reflection is an area which is not explored well in psychology (Morin, 2009).
Various cognitive behavioral models including rational-emotive therapy (Ellis, 1976), cognitive therapy (Beck, 1976), and cognitive behavior modification (Meichenbaum, 1977) have consistently documented the importance of the influential link between a person's thoughts and inner speech, what they feel, and how they behave.
Ford said the N1 ERP component amplitude reduction reflects dampening of auditory cortex responsivity during talking and inner speech in controls but not in patients.
A predisposition to [hearing voices] might depend on abnormal activity in brain areas implicated in perceiving inner speech and in determining whether it is of self or alien origin," contend Philip K.
155), but on the basis of other examples of inner speech in Akkadian literature (for example, Tukulti-Ninurta Epic iii 25'-56'; Cuthaean Legend of Naram-Sin lines 89-98; see also D.
Rather than trying to achieve mind and consciousness by identifying and implementing their underlying computational rules, Haikonen proposes "a special cognitive architecture to reproduce the processes of perception, inner imagery, inner speech, pain, pleasure, emotions, and the cognitive functions behind these.