Inner Speech

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Inner Speech


(endophasia). (1) Speech that is directed by a person to himself (most often for the purpose of planning his own actions) and which is realized in an internal code—that is, not in audible speech.

(2) The internal program of an utterance that precedes its production in speech (“internal programming”).

(3) Articulatory movements that are not accompanied by sound (“internal utterances”).

The study and experimental recording of inner speech contribute to research on the relationships between language and thought and language and speech and on forms of thought and problems of speech perception. Inner speech is studied by linguists, psychologists, and physiologists.


Vygotskii, L. S. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie issledovaniia: Myshlenie i rech’. Moscow, 1956.
Zhinkin, N. I. “O kodovykh perekhodakh vo vnutrennei rechi.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1964, no. 6.
Sokolov, A. N. Vnutrenniaia rech’ i myshlenie. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
The varieties of inner speech: Links between quality of inner speech and psychopathological variables in a sample of young adults.
The novelist part is important, not least because The Voices Within is a far more entertaining read than you might expect from serious academia, but also because the book draws on the inner lives of the greatest characters ever written such as Jane Eyre and Mrs Dalloway, as case studies in how inner speech reflects a person's experience.
20) It seems to be a mark of unsymbolized thought that the reports vary so much and subjects are less confident about them than in cases where inner speech is involved, where subjects are more confident of the exact words used in their thinking.
From a cognitive standpoint, voices are inner speech erroneously attributed to external sources, but it has yet to be confirmed that inner speech has sound.
This category suggests a dialogical reflexivity already mediated by consciousness, in which inner speech is perceived by the participant, but not expressed in writing as dialogue.
Every thought fulfils a function in making sense of our lives (Ridgway, 2009) but it is not accompanied by speech unless a problem to be solved is particularly tricky or a situation stressful, in which case inner speech may emerge externally as monologic thinking aloud (Vygotsky, 1986).
The use of inner speech for self-reflection is an area which is not explored well in psychology (Morin, 2009).
Citing Valentin Voloshinov, she points out that he also argued "the units of which inner speech is constituted are certain whole entities, somewhat resembling a passage of monologic speech or whole utterances.
Various cognitive behavioral models including rational-emotive therapy (Ellis, 1976), cognitive therapy (Beck, 1976), and cognitive behavior modification (Meichenbaum, 1977) have consistently documented the importance of the influential link between a person's thoughts and inner speech, what they feel, and how they behave.
Inner speech is thought connected with words but in external speech thought is embodied in words.
Piaget also believed that inner speech or reading to oneself is not a prerequisite to thinking and that one outgrows this process; whereas, Vygotsky believed that inner speech was part of the integral process of learning and thinking.
Vygotsky (1986: 249, cited in McCafferty & Ahmed, 2000: 201) characterises inner speech thus: