hair cell

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Related to Inner hair cell: cochlear hair cells

hair cell

[′her ‚sel]
(histology)
The basic sensory unit of the inner ear of vertebrates; a columnar, polarized structure with specialized cilia on the free surface.
References in periodicals archive ?
As there are no methods checking the function of hair cells within the cochlea in current clinical practices, the functional status of inner hair cells cannot be correctly evaluated yet.
The main cause is due to damage to the inner hair cells.
While about two-thirds of the outer hair cells were missing in mice without FGF20, but the number of inner hair cells, the cells responsible for transmitting the amplified signals to the brain, appeared normal.
The outer hair cells are more metabolically active than the inner hair cells and so are more susceptible and therefore damaged first.
Histopathologic studies have shown that outer hair cells are more sensitive to ototoxic injury than are inner hair cells.
Hearing starts with the transmission of sound by inner hair cells in the ear.