hair cell

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Related to Inner hair cells: vestibular hair cells

hair cell

[′her ‚sel]
(histology)
The basic sensory unit of the inner ear of vertebrates; a columnar, polarized structure with specialized cilia on the free surface.
References in periodicals archive ?
Histopathologic studies have shown that outer hair cells are more sensitive to ototoxic injury than are inner hair cells.
Hearing starts with the transmission of sound by inner hair cells in the ear.
The hypothesis that subjective tinnitus is primarily caused by glutamate excitotoxicity at the synapses between inner hair cells and their afferents in the cochlea has been confirmed.
In more severe cases, damage progresses to the inner hair cells and can even spread to the supporting cells in this order: Deiters' cells, pillar cells, and Claudius' cells.