Innocent II


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Innocent II,

d. 1143, pope (1130–43), a Roman named Gregorio Papareschi; successor of Honorius II. He was created cardinal by Paschal II. On the death of Honorius IIHonorius II,
d. 1130, pope (1124–30), an Italian named Lamberto, b. Bologna; successor of Calixtus II. Before becoming pope he spent several years in Germany adjusting the quarrel over investiture between Holy Roman Emperor Henry V and the papacy.
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, a faction of the cardinals elected him pope. However, the others elected Cardinal Pietro Pierleoni as Anacletus II, and Innocent had to leave Rome. He was soon recognized in France at the instance of St. Bernard of Clairvaux, and in 1131, Holy Roman Emperor Lothair II, England, and Spain submitted to him. Roger IIRoger II,
c.1095–1154, count (1101–30) and first king (1130–54) of Sicily, son and successor of Roger I. He conquered (1127) Apulia and Salerno and sided with the antipope Anacletus II against Pope Innocent II. In 1130, Anacletus crowned Roger king.
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 of Sicily adhered to Anacletus. In 1137, Lothair attacked Rome, but Anacletus retained part of the city. On Anacletus' death (1138), an antipope Victor IV was elected, but he soon resigned. Innocent convened the Second Lateran CouncilLateran Council, Second,
1139, 10th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convened at the Lateran Palace, Rome, by Pope Innocent II. The council attempted to heal the wounds left by the schism of the antipope Anacletus II (d.
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 (1139). Innocent, at the behest of St. Bernard, condemned the teachings of Peter Abelard and of Arnold of Brescia. He was succeeded by Celestine II.

Innocent II

original name Gregorio Papareschi. died 1143, pope (1130--43). He condemned Abelard's teachings
References in periodicals archive ?
Malachy Morgair, the Archbishop of Armagh, was said to have presented his prophecy detailing papal names, coats of arms and even personal backgrounds of every future pope during a personal audience with Pope Innocent II in 1139.
Because they could be used by a common foot soldier to fell those most noble of warriors, mounted knights, Pope Innocent II issued a judgment in 1139 against ".
Born in Rome, Rinuccini was chosen by Pope Innocent II to secure freedom of religion for Catholics in Ireland and to ensure King Charles I appointed Catholic Viceroys.
Second spot went to Cannock's Nina Emery on the grey horse Innocent II, at just four the youngest in the class.
It's considered a hotel/museum," Gonzales says of a structure that's a Peruvian historic site, becoming the Royal Pontifical University after a papal edict by Pope Innocent II in 1692.
St Malachy famously predicted the name of every pope since the 12th Century reign of Innocent II.
In this important study Berman challenges the traditional understanding of the growth of the Cistercian order in 12th-century France, namely, that the monastery of Citeaux was founded in 1098 with Stephen Harding among its first members; in 1109 Harding became abbot; Bernard entered Citeaux with other members of his family in 1113, only to leave two years later to found a daughter house at Clairvaux; in 1119 Pope Callistus II confirmed the order's fundamental document, the Carta Caritatis; in 1132 Pope Innocent II granted the order a privilege exempting it from paying tithes on labor and livestock; in 1134 Stephen Harding died and the order made its first collection of statutes.
Not until 1208 did Pope Innocent II issue an official declaration that priestly ordination was necessary to celebrate the Eucharist, and that was more formally enunciated only at Lateran Council IV in 1215.
The Second Lateran Council and Pope Innocent II (forgetting the example of his fifth-century namesake) effectively put a halt to the married priesthood in 1139.