Innocent VIII


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Innocent VIII,

1432–92, pope (1484–92), a Genoese named Giovanni Battista Cibo; successor of Sixtus IVSixtus IV
, 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. He was made general of his order, the Franciscans, in 1464 and became (1467) a cardinal.
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. He was made a cardinal in 1473. His close friend, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius IIJulius II,
1443–1513, pope (1503–13), an Italian named Giuliano della Rovere, b. Savona; successor of Pius III. His uncle Sixtus IV gave him many offices and created him cardinal.
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), largely directed the papal affairs. Like his predecessors, Innocent wished to stop the Turkish advance, but he succeeded by means other than the crusade he originally planned. Djem, brother and rival of Sultan Beyazid IIBeyazid II,
1447–1513, Ottoman sultan (1481–1512), son and successor of Muhammad II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). With the help of the corps of Janissaries he put down the revolt of his brother Jem.
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, was being held captive by Pierre d'AubussonAubusson, Pierre d'
, 1423–1503, French soldier, a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, and grand master of the Knights Hospitalers (1476–1503). In 1480 he valiantly defended Rhodes against Ottoman Sultan Muhammad II.
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; the pope saw that if he held over the sultan the threat of supporting Djem's pretensions, Beyazid would come to terms. Beyazid (1490) agreed to leave Europe at peace if the pope kept Djem captive. Innocent VIII was known as a nepotist and was attacked by SavonarolaSavonarola, Girolamo
, 1452–98, Italian religious reformer, b. Ferrara. He joined (1475) the Dominicans. In 1481 he went to San Marco, the Dominican house at Florence, where he became popular for his eloquent sermons, in which he attacked the vice and worldliness of the
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 for his worldliness. He was succeeded by Alexander VIAlexander VI,
1431?–1503, pope (1492–1503), a Spaniard (b. Játiva) named Rodrigo de Borja or, in Italian, Rodrigo Borgia; successor of Innocent VIII. He took Borja as his surname from his mother's brother Alfonso, who was Pope Calixtus III.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
John the Baptist, Innocent VIII (1484-92, Giovanni Battista Cybo), had served as the precursor of the Medici ecclesiastical dynasty, initiating it on the highest level by raising to the cardinalate the brother (Giovanni de' Medici) of his daughter-in-law, Maddalena de' Medici Cybo (1473-1519).
Turke and sent to Pope Innocent VIII for a token to redeme his
Gutenberg's neat idea threw the church into a tizzy, though, and in 1467 Pope Innocent VIII decreed that all new books had to be reviewed by authorities before general issuance.
When POpe Innocent VIII died in the summer of 1492, Cardinal de Borja was not regarded as a serious candidate.
But the popes who succeeded this astute and prescient pontiff, notably Sixtus IV, Innocent VIII, and Alexander VI, were less interested in maintaining peace in the peninsula and more concerned with promoting the aggrandizement of their families.
The nepotism that launched him on his career led him to become trusted adviser of Innocent VIII (1484-92), sworn enemy-in-exile to Alexander VI (1492-1503), and finally to his own election as Pope Julius 11 (1503).
2] In 1477, the Sforza alliance strategy had Caterina, at the age of fourteen, marry Girolamo Riario, a nephew of the presiding Pope, Sixtus IV> Sforza joined her husband in Rome where they remained until the Pope's death in 1484 when Riario was reinvested as vicar of the Church for the Romagnole towns of Imola and Forli by the newly-elected Innocent VIII.