Instructional Program

Instructional Program

 

a complete description of a course of programmed instruction, containing precise statements concerning the size of lessons, the division of the learning material into units, the sequence in which readings from a text are to be presented, and the rules for transition from one unit to the next. Assimilation of the material by the students is tested by a series of questions. These questions must be answered either at the end of each unit of material or periodically during the process of study, and the transition to the next unit of material is made to depend on answering the questions correctly.

The most widely known programs are the linear and branching types. An instructional program is called linear when all students work on each unit of material in the same sequence; the answer may be given either by selecting one choice from a set of choices or by composing an independent answer. Independently composed answers produced during the process of instruction or memorization give better results than simple selection from two or several given choices, each of which appears very probable but may lead to unnecessary memorization of incorrect propositions. Linear instructional programs typically have short steps; that is, each new unit contains a small volume of material, which makes it easier for a student to compose or select a correct answer and therefore speeds up the learning process.

In the branching instructional program, the answer is used primarily to lead the student further along one of the program’s branches. Each answer is used to disclose the possibilities of the path chosen by the student and to determine what to do next. The branching program also allows incorrect answers that do not prevent reaching a correct result because they can be corrected before the student goes further.

A branching instructional program may be used to explain to a student what is wrong with his answers. Such programs make it possible to identify students who have not understood anything in the course and to return them to the very beginning of the explanation. They also permit a student with good preparation to go through a course faster than others, and they may be used to give the student himself an opportunity to decide how deeply he wishes to go into the material.

Other types of instructional program are also used. There are, for example, combined programs, in which linear programs at certain points pass into branching programs to permit the student who is progressing well to bypass a sequence necessary for students who have not completely mastered the material.

References in periodicals archive ?
As new instructors this was our first experience in organizing and delivering such a large instructional program.
But, while testing programs like MCAS have increased accountability and made progress in standardizing curriculum content, many educational leaders are expressing concerns that the focus of this type of testing results in a narrow instructional program.
The American Horticultural Society doesn't just offer up another routine gardening guide: their Southwest Smart Garden Regional Guide is a complete instructional program in a single volume which teaches gardeners how to create a garden in tune with the environment and local growing conditions, using a coding system assigned to each plant for both hardiness zone and plant size.
The company's success in adapting new and emerging technology for use in the classroom, combined with an interest in how the availability of a free, open source instructional program might affect schools' purchasing decisions, led to the development of the FreeReading.
Having been intimately involved with library instruction in four ARL libraries, this author fully understands and appreciates the degree to which practical politics, individual personalities, the vagaries of local organizational structure (both within and without the library), and just practical operational necessity interferes with, and influences, logic and educational theory in the development of an instructional program.
An inexpensive instructional program to teach routine newborn care skills to midwives in Zambia resulted in a substantial reduction in the death rate of infants in the first week of life, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
The instructional program used for this study was the Reading Mastery Series published by Science Research Associates (Engleman, Bruner, Hanner, Osborn, Osborn, & Zoref, 1995).
of Arizona) brings together teachers, school leaders, and education scholars from the US for 10 chapters that help current and future school leaders analyze their beliefs and practices about instructional leadership in relation to the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) Standard 2, which states that instructional leaders should advocate, nurture, and sustain a school culture and instructional program conducive to student learning and staff professional growth.
It will give us an idea on their instructional program and if we need to provide any tutoring services to help students pass the high school exit exam.
is an online, portfolio-based writing instructional program that allows students and teachers to track student writing progress over time.
Girls' league: The Ice Station will officially announce the beginning of an instructional program for girls in late April.
The resort's Scuba center offers comprehensive equipment and a full PADI instructional program.

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