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Insurgents,in U.S. history, the Republican Senators and Representatives who in 1909–10 rose against the Republican standpattersstandpatters,
in U.S. history, term used early in the 20th cent. to designate conservatives in the Republican party as against the Insurgents or progressive Republicans.
..... Click the link for more information. controlling Congress, to oppose the Payne-Aldrich tariffPayne-Aldrich Tariff Act,
1909, passed by the U.S. Congress. It was the first change in tariff laws since the Dingley Act of 1897; the issue had been ignored by President Theodore Roosevelt.
..... Click the link for more information. and the dictatorial power of House speaker Joseph G. CannonCannon, Joseph Gurney,
1836–1926, speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1903–11), b. Guilford co., N.C. A lawyer in Illinois, Cannon served as a Republican in Congress from 1873 to 1923, except for the years 1891–93 and 1913–15, when first the
..... Click the link for more information. . Many—but by no means all—of them joined the Progressive partyProgressive party,
in U.S. history, the name of three political organizations, active, respectively, in the presidential elections of 1912, 1924, and 1948. Election of 1912
..... Click the link for more information. .
See K. W. Hechler, Insurgency (1940, repr. 1970).