Itanium

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Itanium

A CPU family from Intel designed to supersede Intel's x86-based servers. Although an advanced hardware architecture, and even with HP as its major supporter, Itanium gained only a fraction of the server market dominated by the x86 line. In addition, the compilers necessary to take full advantage of Itanium's elaborate architecture were never fully developed. By the time Itanium gained ground in the early 2000s, there were too many x86 servers running worldwide, and x86 performance was improving.

HP-UX (HP's Unix) and several other Unix versions run on Itanium; however, in the 2010 time frame, the Itanium versions of Windows Server, Red Hat Linux and Ubuntu Linux were given end of life.

x86 Kept Advancing
After 64-bit Itanium chips were introduced in 2001, Intel upgraded its x86 CPUs to 64 bits, and over the years added advanced security and fault detection features into high-end x86 Xeon chips. See Intel 64 and Xeon.

Native, x86 and HP PA-RISC Apps
Itaniums run native applications and emulate x86 and HP PA-RISC apps. x86 programs are executed in hardware or in software (see IA-32 Execution Layer). HP PA-RISC apps are translated in software (see Aries). For more on the Itanium architecture, see IA-64.

 Model           Process  Max.  Year   Tech.  Clock  Max.Code Name  Intro  (nm)   Speed  CoresItanium
 Merced     2001   180  800 MHz   1

 Itanium 2
 McKinley   2002   180  1.0 GHz   1
 Madison    2003   130  1.6 GHz   1
 Deerfield  2003   130  1.0 GHz   1
 Hondo      2004   130  1.1 GHz   1
 Fanwood    2004   130  1.6 GHz   1
 Madison    2004   130  1.7 GHz   1

 Montecito  2006    90  1.6 GHz   2
 Montvale   2007    90  1.7 GHz   2

 Itanium 9300
 Tukwila    2010    65  1.7 GHz   4

 Itanium 9500
 Poulson    2013    32  2.5 GHz   8
References in periodicals archive ?
We acquired two Intel Itanium 2 processor-based servers, one for our central database server and the other for our data warehouse.
QlikTech to Demo QlikView 64 on Intel Itanium 2 at TechEd Amsterdam June 29th
Chip maker Intel Corp has released its IA-32 Execution Layer software for use in systems featuring the Intel Itanium 2 processor and a Microsoft Windows operating system.
A DIFFERENT SOFT OF 64-Bitness Hewlett-Packard (HP; Fort Collins, CO) is covering all bases by providing workstations running on 32-bit Intel Xeon and Pentium 4 processors, 64-bit Intel Itanium 2, and HP's own 64-bit PA-RISC processors.
Itanium-based solutions have shown strong market opportunity and solution support in recent years, spurred by a $10 billion joint investment announced by the Itanium Solutions Alliance Founding Sponsors in January 2006 and the release of the Dual-Core Intel Itanium 2 processor 9000 series in July 2006.
NEC Solutions, a provider of integrated solutions for the Connected Enterprise in North America, has announced its Express5800/ 1320Xe server based on Intel Itanium 2 processors, took top industry marks in the twotier SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) Standard Application Benchmark for 32-way servers.
The Intel Itanium 2 64-bit chips are designed for use in servers that handle real-time financial transactions, manage large databases and perform complex scientific tasks, according to the company.
A portion of the GCC optimizations, superblock optimization work, was directly funded by the Itanium Solutions Alliance and enables developers to produce faster code for Intel Itanium 2 processors.
Silicon Graphics (NYSE: SGI) with NASA today confirmed that NASA's new Intel Itanium 2 processor-based Columbia supercomputer is the most powerful computer in the world.
The Intel Itanium 2 processor is reportedly able to deliver 1.
The Solution Center Network, a collaborative network of global centers to facilitate the remote porting and optimization of applications to the Intel Itanium 2 processor, aligns well with Gelato's Coconut and Vanilla projects, which provide access to Itanium-based hardware and guidance on porting and tuning Linux Itanium open-source applications.
Penguin Computing has announced that it will launch servers and systems based on 64-bit Intel Itanium 2 processors in Q2 2004.