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(Russian, zvenp), in the agriculture of the USSR a numerically small, primary labor group included within a production brigade, division, production sector, farm, or workshop, which on the basis of cooperation and division of labor carries out basic types of work in an assigned sector.

Teams first originated at the beginning of the 1930’s in the cultivation of labor-intensive crops, such as sugar beets and vegetables. Particular renown was attained during those years by the sugar-beet teams known as the five-hundreders’ movement, which grew 500 or more centners of sugar beets on each hectare. The initiators of this movement included the well-known sugar-beet growers Mariia Demchenko and Marina Gnatenko. Such teams, numbering ten to 12 persons each, were handling 5–6 hectares of sown sugar beets. With the introduction in the kolkhozes and sovkhozes of improved equipment and more efficient technology, there was a qualitative change in the composition of brigades and divisions, which meant changes in teams as well. The team assists in eliminating depersonalization, and it increases the responsibility and the material interest of the team members in improving their production results.

The composition of the teams and the selection of their leaders is confirmed by the kolkhoz board (or sovkhoz management) upon the suggestions of the brigade leader (manager or head of the production sector, farm, or work-shop). A team leader works alongside the other members of the team and also organizes their work: he assigns the members and checks up on the fulfillment of the day’s schedule, the output norms (quotas), and the quality of the work. For his leadership he receives a supplementary wage within established pay scales. The team leader is directly responsible to the brigade leader (manager or the like). The team arranges its work on the basis of the production tasks and the technological charts.

In plant growing there is a predominance of mechanized teams, composed primarily of mechanics and machine operators. The work of mechanized teams is structured on the principles of profit-and-loss accounting: they are assigned land, allocated the necessary equipment, and given the production schedules drawn up for them, schedules based on profit-and-loss accounting. Wages earned by team members are paid in accord with the quantity and quality of their production.

Mechanized teams are subdivided into two principal types:

(1) Teams of the first type cultivate one, or rarely two, crops with varying periods of work and a relatively similar technology, on sections of land set aside for the duration of the cultivation of these crops. In practice these teams are usually termed “specialized” (sugar-beet, corn, potato, flax, or vegetable teams).

(2) Teams of the second type cultivate an assortment of field crops on fields that have been assigned to them for lengthy periods of time; they carry out a complete crop rotation, or a part of it. Such teams are often termed “complex, universal, or enlarged.”

Depending on the specific conditions in kolkhozes and sovkhozes, mechanized teams vary as to the size of the area to be farmed, the number of mechanics and machine operators, and the assortment of available equipment. Such mechanized teams may cultivate one or several farm crops.


References in periodicals archive ?
Now that we have a clearer picture about how interdisciplinary teams affect teacher behavior and attitudes, what can be learned about teaming's influence on students' behavior and achievement?
Maintaining effective interdisciplinary teams requires continuous evaluation and reflection.
Effective integration of care plans requires the collaboration of the interdisciplinary team with teams from informatics and IT.
6 months of an interdisciplinary team approach reduced use of antipsychotics by 54%, reduced anxiolytic use by 54%, reduced the use of hypnotics more than twice per week by 64%, and decreased psychiatric discharges to hospitals by 72%, Mark Coggins, Pharm.
At the 430-bed Jewish Home, San Francisco, where he is medical director, an interdisciplinary team doing weekly "drug rounds" reviews residents on psychoactive drugs, so that each of those residents is reviewed at least every 6 months.
We want to reach as many "bedside" staff nurses and other members of the interdisciplinary team as possible.
Comparison of the two studies is nonetheless striking for the significant breakdown in delivery of snacks during the second study and its apparent impact on the results: Without the input of the interdisciplinary team in conjunction with a concerted effort to provide snacks with the deliberateness of a medication protocol, follow-through was critically lacking, and residents lost the opportunity for improved nutritional status and potential weight gain.
Translating PT/OT documentation terminology to MDS language for the Interdisciplinary Team meetings
The interdisciplinary team model also has been described as relieving the burden of treatment for the staff, facilitating work with difficult patients, offering greater objectivity than a staff member working alone would have, and enabling workers to empathize with the patient and each other (Hyland, Novotny, Travis, & Area, 1987).
With backing from Highland Capital Partners and North Bridge Venture Partners, QD Vision's interdisciplinary team is focused on eliminating the shortcomings of current-generation displays by achieving the unique combination of high product reliability, low power consumption, scalable manufacturing, and best-in-class viewing experience.
I worked on a team with three other teachers, an interdisciplinary team, so it was like they all were honored.

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