International State-Monopoly Associations

International State-Monopoly Associations

 

economic unions created by international monopolies on the basis of intergovernmental agreements.

The international state-monopoly associations arose after World War II and represent a new way of dividing the world among the giant monopolies. The first such union was the European

Table 1. International sports associations of which Soviet organizations are members
Associations′FoundedNumber of national organizations includedYear the soviet organitation joined
1 Standard abbreviation is often from the French name 2The international association 3These sports have a European association, the members of which constitute the corresponding federation
International Olympic Committee (IOC) ........18941311951
Permanent General Assembly of National Olympic Committees ........19681011968
Permanent Advisory Conference of National Olympic Committees of Europe ........1968251968
International Council of Sport and Physical Education (CIEPS) ........195874/2221961
International Federation of Sportive Medicine (FIMS) ........1928491952
Federation (European) of the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (FEPSAC) ........1968191971
International Association of Sociology (Committee for the Sociology of Sport) ........1949411956
International Architects Union (Commission on Sports and Recreational Structures) ........1958171958
International Sporting Press Association (AIPS) ........1924651956
International University Sports Federation (FISU) ........1949631959
Sports Committee of Friendly Armies (SKDA) ........1958131958
International Sports Union of Railroad Workers (USIC) ........1946271957
International Committee of the Silent Sports (CISS) ........1924411957
International Aeronautical Federation (FAI) ........1905621935
International Automobile Federation (FIA) ........1904761956
International Union of Alpinist Associations (IUAA) ........1932381967
International Amateur Basketball Federation (FIBA)3 ........19321301946
International Amateur Boxing Association (AIBA)3 ........19461031949
International Amateur Wrestling Federation (FILA) (free-style, Greco-Roman, and Sambo wrestling [weaponless self-defense]) ........1912761947
International Judo Federation (IJF)3 ........1956921962
International Cycling Union (UCI) ........19001021952
International Amateur Federation of Cycling (FIAC) ........19651021965
Union of International Motorboating (UIM) ........1922421969
International Volleyball Federation (IVBF)3 ........19471161948
International Gymnastic Federation (IGF) ........1881641949
International Rowing Federation (IRF) (single shell) ........1892491952
International Canoe Federation (ICF) (includes kayaks) ........1946341952
International Equestrian Federation (FEI) ........1921581952
International Skating Union (ISU) ........1892321947
International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF)3 ........19121441947
Association of Track and Field Statisticians (ATFS) ........1950511961
International Track and Field Coaches’ Association (ITFCA)3 ........1956621961
International Ski Federation (FIS) ........1924451948
International Motorcycle Federation (IMF) ........1904461956
International Yacht Racing Union (IYRU) ........1907691956
International Class Star Association ........1911401959
International Class Soling Association ........1967141970
International Class Tempest Association ........1965151970
International Class Dragon Association ........1928291962
International Class Finn Association ........1950561957
International Class Flying Dutchman Association ........1956351958
International Class 5.5-Meter Association ........1956161960
International Amateur Swimming Federation (FINA) (swimming, diving, and water polo)3 ........1908961947
International Association of Water Polo Referees (AlWP) ........1968221968
International Diving Coaches’ Association (IDCA) ........1968461968
International Technical and Scientific Organization for Soaring Flight (OSTIV) ........1930251958
World Underwater Federation (CMAS) ........1959501965
International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) ........1925841962
International Handball Federation (IMF) ........1946541958
International Federation of Luge Racing (FIL) ........1957241971
International Modern Pentathlon and Biathlon Union (UIPMB) ........1948441952
International Federation of Sports Acrobatics (MFSA) ........1973111973
International Shooting Union3 ........1921871952
International Archery Federation (FITA)3 ........1931501967
International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) ........1912641956
International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF)3 ........1926931954
International Weightlifting Federation (IWF)3 ........1920951946
International Fencino Federation (FIE) ........1913731952
International Federation of Association Football (FIFA)3 ........19041371946
International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) ........1908301953
International Hockey Federation (IHF)3 (field hockey) ........1924631970
International Bandy Federation ........195541955
World Chess Federation (FIDE) ........1924751947
International Correspondence Chess Federation (ICCF) ........1927481957
International Braille Chess Association (IBCA) ........1958221972
World Draughts (Checkers) Federation (FMGD) ........1947141956

Coal and Steel Community. It was founded in 1951 by six countries: Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. It involved the removal of customs duties between the six countries for products of the coal and steel industries and the creation of a common market for these goods. The same countries decided to organize the European Economic Community (EEC, or Common Market). The treaty establishing the EEC, signed in 1957, went into effect on Jan. 1, 1958. At the same time another treaty was signed to create Euratom: the European Atomic Energy Community.

The process of integration among the Western European countries has led to the formation of a powerful new economic association that enjoys a number of essential advantages over its competitors. In the capitalist world it is rivaled by two other centers of world capitalism, the USA and Japan. The political and economic competition between these three centers is intensifying. Thus the rise and development of international state-monopoly associations has resulted in the creation of new forms of interimperialist contradictions.

The formation of these international communities gave a powerful new impetus to the integration of privately owned monopolies. Within only five years from the founding of the EEC, more than 40,000 cartel arrangements between monopolies of the Common Market countries had been registered. The monopolies of each country seek supports from their own governments, a process that in turn intensifies government intervention in the economy. The mergers between large companies in West Germany and in France that have occurred since the formation of the Common Market are the result of the competitive struggle of the French and West German monopolies. In the first five years of the EEC’S existence, there were 433 mergers of large companies in France, 189 in the FRG, and 378 in Italy and the Benelux countries.

In place of the old forms have come new ways of winning markets for sales, raw materials, and labor away from competitors through the concentration and centralization of capital and the consequent increase in economic power; the growth of economic power also means the speedier and broader introduction of scientific advances and the reduction of production costs. All this has facilitated the absorption not only of small and medium-sized companies but even of large ones by the giant monopolies. The combination of the two opposing principles of concentration and competition within the international state-monopoly associations counterposes the interests of the giant monopolies to those of small and middle-sized entrepreneurs, giving rise to sharp contradictions between them.

REFERENCES
Lenin, V. I. “Kriticheskie zametki po natsional’nomu voprosu.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 24.
Lenin, V. I. “O lozunge Soedinennykh Shtatov Evropy.” Ibid., vol. 26.
Lenin, V. I. “Imperializm, kak vysshaia stadiia kapitalizma.” Ibid., vol.27.
Dokumenty Mezhdunarodnogo Soveshchaniia kommunisticheskikh i rabochikh partii, Moskva, 5-17 iiunia 1969 g. Moscow 1969 Pages 3-45.
“Obshchii rynok” i rabochii klass. Moscow, 1960.
Chumakov, M. P. Finansovo-valiutnyeprotivorechiia “Obshchego rynka. “Moscow, 1967.
Problemy sovremennogo imperializma. Moscow, 1968. Chapter 4.

G. P. SOLIUS

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