net neutrality

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net neutrality

(NETwork neutrality) A uniform playing field for Internet transport. Net neutrality is the absence of restrictions placed on the transmission of content by the major ISPs that provide service to millions of homes and offices. It means all packets are delivered on a first-come, first-served basis regardless from where they originated. Net neutrality became an issue as ISPs began to carry more movie streaming and voice traffic from competitors that delivered the same services they offered.

A Very Contentious Topic
Since its inception, the Internet has leveled the playing field for all participants. However, major ISPs such as Verizon, AT&T and Comcast have lobbied the FCC to be able to charge a Web site based on traffic. Although it might seem reasonable to charge sites that disseminate huge amounts of content, Internet users already pay ISPs for access. In addition, proponents warn about the implications down the road if net neutrality were abandoned. For example, owners of all Web sites might be forced to pay extra fees to prevent their content from bogging down in a low-priority delivery queue.

The July 2010 issue of "The Hightower Lowdown" said: "Forget the technology, net neutrality is about democracy itself-- the latest battleground in our nation's historic struggle for freedom of speech, a free press, and the free flow of information that We the People must have if, in fact, we are to be self-governing."

The Rulings
In 2010, the Open Internet Order of the FCC ruled that carriers cannot block or interfere with traffic because it conflicts with their financial goals. However, in 2014, the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals struck down the order, stating that the FCC did not prove it had the legal authority to enforce such rules. Later in 2014, the FCC proposed allowing ISPs to create pay-to-play fast lanes; however, that was abandoned after a huge public outcry.

In February 2015, the FCC voted to regulate Internet service as a public utility. Based on certain provisions in Title II of the Communications Act, the new rules treat both wired and wireless Internet connections as a telecom service rather than an information service. No sooner was the ink dry that members of Congress who favor the ISPs' position began to propose legislation to counter the new ruling. Stay tuned! For more information, visit See dumb network and Freedom to Connect.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the Open Internet rules that Public Knowledge is referring to are geared toward landlines and the rule referred in the press release is the only one that applies to mobile, The Verge pointed out.
For example, the draft Open Internet Rules circulated by the FCC Chairman in early December 2010 banned "unreasonable" discrimination by providers of wireline broadband Internet access without specifying how the term should be interpreted.
On the one hand, ISPs such as Verizon and MetroPCS have sued the FCC in an attempt to have its Open Internet rules repealed.
Singapore's new internet rules have sparked anger in the blogging and social media community, which claims that the rules are designed to stifle free expression.
The Indian Ministry of Communications and Information Technology has made a statement to clarify its Internet rules which Google had earlier opposed, citing websites which trash out any content or often construed offensive.
WASHINGTON -- The Communications Workers of America applauds the decision by the Federal Communications Commission approving Chairman Genachowski's initiative to adopt open Internet rules and create the stable conditions necessary for critical investment and quality job creation in broadband networks.
NASDAQ:CHTR) today released the following statement regarding the FCC's adoption of open Internet rules.
Open Internet rules had been in place but were recently knocked down by a federal court.
As a provider of over-the-top and cloud-based services, Vonage has long been a strong proponent of robust open Internet rules that apply to both wired and wireless broadband.
The best advice: "Set clear e-mail and Internet rules and policies, and educate employees about copyright.
26, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Will Marshall, President of the Progressive Policy Institute (PPI), today released the following statement after the FCC voted in favor of Chairman Wheeler's Open Internet rules to reclassify the Internet as a public utility:

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