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(ĭntēfă`dĕ) [Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec., 1987, sparked immediate local protests that rapidly spread to the West Bank. The violence was marked by stone-throwing and the use of homemade explosive devices on behalf of the Arabs, and the use of tear gas, rubber bullets, and home demolition by Israeli troops attempting to quell the popular resistance. The conflict led to an Israeli military crackdown and the stagnation of the Arab economies in the occupied territories, but with the gradual establishment of Palestinian self-rule, beginning with the accord between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993, the violence eased significantly.

The term "intifada" has also been used to describe the anti-Israeli uprising that began after the Sept. 20, 2000, visit of the right-wing Israeli politician Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 to the Jerusalem holy site known as (to Jews) the Temple Mount or (to Arabs) the Haram esh-Sherif. Arising out of Palestinian frustration with the slow progress since the since 1993, the fighting has had the character more of a guerrilla war and has been marked by the use of suicide bomb attacks by Hamas, the Islamic Jihad, and elements of the PLO and by Israeli attacks on official Palestinian installations and reoccupation of areas Israeli forces had left after 1993.


the Palestinian uprising against Israel in the West Bank and Gaza Strip that started at the end of 1987
References in periodicals archive ?
A day after Trump's announcement, which has been condemned by Muslim states and countries backing a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian crisis, the leader of the political bureau of Hamas called for a third intifada uprising.
Praising intifada meant, it was claimed, "literally advocating for young children to violently attack Israelis.
The current intifada dates back to last October, when a large number of Palestinian youths began staging protests and clashing with Israeli occupation soldiers in various parts of occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank.
The two previous intifadas generated no lasting improvements in Palestinian national rights due to both the intransigence of Zionism and the incompetence of the Palestinian leaderships headed by Hamas and Fatah in Gaza and the West Bank.
In a conversation with Ynet, a senior Fatah official denied the possibility that the Facebook campaign will lead to another Intifada.
The first Intifada which started in 1987 was a spontaneous explosion of popular resistance to the Israeli occupation, when the Palestinian people made a conscious and determined choice to consolidate their efforts in the struggle toward independence, regardless of the cost,.
Some observers say Ariel Sharon set it off with his provocative visit to the Temple Mount, but the truth is that the intifada was waiting for a spark like a tightly packed powder keg.
The confrontations between the Palestinian youths and the occupation forces in Jerusalem brought forward the aficionados of white and black questions: Is it the outset of a third intifada or is it not an intifada at all?
As for two generations of Palestinians who lived through the first and second Intifadas, scribing rebellious graffiti, hurling stones at occupying soldiers and refusing to buy the Israeli products that were imposed on them (while impeding the growth of Palestinian local industry) may not have unshackled a hostage nation.
The data in Table 12 allow us to follow the economic effects of the two Intifadas as well as of the period between them.
Goldberg, who narrates the film, worked as a television news sound man in the West Bank and Gaza during the first intifada.
Nor can it be overlooked that it was such democratic processes which served to maintain the Intifada, and which brought Palestinians to the present crossroads.