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former county, Scotland: see Inverness-shireInverness-shire
or Inverness,
former county, NW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Inverness-shire was divided in 1975 between the new Highland region and Western Isles island authority (now both council areas).
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(ĭn'vərnĕs`), town (1991 pop. 39,736), Highland, N Scotland, on the Moray Firth at the mouth of the Ness River. "Capital of the Highlands," it is a seaport and transportation center due to its proximity to the river and the Caledonian Canal, completed in 1812. The town has diverse light industries, including printing, food processing, distilling, wool weaving, and shipbuilding, in addition to a herring fishery. Electrical and mechanical products and automobile parts are also manufactured. Inverness holds an annual cattle and wool market.

An ancient town, it is thought to have been a PictPicts,
ancient inhabitants of central and N Scotland, of uncertain origin. First mentioned (A.D. 297) by the Roman writer Eumenius as northern invaders of Roman Britain, they were probably descendants of late Bronze Age and early Iron Age invaders of Britain.
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 stronghold. The castle, reputedly built under Malcolm III (late 11th cent.), was involved in many wars and was blown up by the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 in 1746. A new castle was built in 1835. Frequent invasions have destroyed most of the town's old buildings. Cromwell's Fort was demolished at the Restoration by Charles II. Inverness, a thriving tourist center, has a museum of Highland relics and hosts an annual Highland Gathering.


coat with cape; emblem of Sherlock Holmes. [Br. Costume and Lit.: Espy, 267]


a city in N Scotland, administrative centre of Highland: tourism and specialized engineering. Pop.: 40 949 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Janette Milne, 28, from Inverness, Scotland, pleaded guilty to the offence at the city's sheriff court and will be sentenced next month.
Course Castle Stuart Golf Links, Inverness, Scotland Prize money EUR3.
In August, two Romanians who attached devices and video cameras to bank machines in Inverness, Scotland, were jailed for a total of five and a half years.
The second-placed British entry was the Moray Firth coast in Inverness, Scotland, which came in 11th place with a score of 76.
As well as his involvement with Azucar in Leeds, Marks has started his own Howard's End "pub" which made its debut at the Rockness music festival in Inverness, Scotland, earlier this month.
The two-year-old green iguana is spending four months at the Godiva Reptile Centre, in Momus Boulevard, Binley, after his owner, who lives in Inverness, Scotland, works abroad.
Narrated by the sisters Anthea and Imogen, Girl Meets Boy examines corporate mythologizing through the lens of water politics in Inverness, Scotland.
The red-headed model from Inverness, Scotland, has previously appeared in the BBC show, but only in the small role as Soothsayer in the Fires of Pompeii.
He qualified as a general and mental health nurse at the Highland College of Nursing and Midwifery in Inverness, Scotland, and has a postgraduate degree focused on the application of computer-assisted learning to post-basic nurse education.
SGL Carbon, Wiesbaden, Germany, has a new fiber production line due on stream in Inverness, Scotland, in August and is planning another line there to be ready in 2008.
The women from Inverness, Scotland took out a policy worth $1.