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in criminal procedure, the elucidation of those circumstances of a criminal case necessary for arriving at the correct decision. Soviet law distinguishes between preliminary and judicial investigation.

Preliminary investigation, a basic form of inquiry, is an important stage in a criminal case. Begun after the initiation of the criminal case, it includes investigatory actions for the purpose of collecting and verifying evidence, presentation of the charges, the selection of a measure of restraint, actions to protect the legal interests of the accused, the victim, the plaintiff, and other participants in the trial, and actions to remove the causes and conditions contributing to the crime. The preliminary investigation comes to an end, within a period established by law, with the drawing up of a bill of indictment or a decree on termination of the case (see also).

Judicial investigation is a stage in the trial, during which a court of the first instance, in formal judicial session, makes a direct investigation of the evidence; that is, it verifies the evidence gathered in the preliminary investigation and inquiry and gathers and verifies additional evidence. Judicial investigation is autonomous; it is a multifaceted and objective analysis—with direct, open, and oral proceedings and equal procedural rights for all participants in the trial—of all the case’s circumstances significant for arriving at a just and legal decision.


A process conducted for the purpose of accident prevention which includes the gathering and analysis of information, the drawing of conclusions, including the determination of causes and, when appropriate, the making of safety recommendations (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
4) For example, since 2004, 11 individuals have been convicted as a result of CST investigations in the Southern District of Florida.
The result has been increasing pressures by the federal government, and the Department of Justice (DOJ) in particular, to change the fundamental nature of internal investigations.
IG subpoenas can be used in support of administrative, civil or criminal investigations.
To explain all of Waxman's projects would consume several forests or hard drives, but his office has launched investigations into the Cheney energy task force, the Bush administration's response to Hurricane Katrina, the Medicare drug bill, House ethics issues, and the politicization of science, among many, many other issues.
Bill Boyarsky, a city ethics commissioner and former journalist, said City Hall has been quiet regarding the pay-to-play investigations, adding that, in general, investigations ought to be concluded ``ASAP'' in fairness to those affected.
Accordingly, in many such investigations, the issue often is not whether the company technically broke the law, but rather whether, in the sound exercise of prosecutorial discretion, the government should charge the company with a crime or dispose of the case by other means.
It is important to note that investigations often begin with one or more parties informed that they are a witness.
PulseNet policy states that isolates with potential epidemiologic significance that have indistinguishable patterns with a primary enzyme, should be digested with a secondary enzyme before extensive epidemiologic investigations are undertaken.
Forensic investigators also assist companies with corporate investigations either required by a regulatory agency or separately by the board of directors"
Khalid Shaikh Mohammed and a number of his confederates in the global terror network have been at the center of an extensive investigation by this magazine over the past nine years.

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