manslaughter

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manslaughter,

homicidehomicide
, in law, the taking of human life. Homicides that are neither justifiable nor excusable are considered crimes. A criminal homicide committed with malice is known as murder, otherwise it is called manslaughter.
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 committed without justification or excuse but distinguished from murdermurder,
criminal homicide, usually distinguished from manslaughter by the element of malice aforethought. The most direct case of malicious intent occurs when the killer is known to have adopted the deliberate intent to commit the homicidal act at some time before it is actually
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 by the absence of the element of malicemalice,
in law, an intentional violation of the law of crimes or torts that injures another person. Malice need not involve a malignant spirit or the definite intent to do harm.
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 aforethought. Modern criminal statutes usually divide it into degrees, the most common distinction being between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter is a killing done in the heat of passion provoked by acts of the victim such as to cause a reasonable man to act rashly and without reflection. Such provocation may include violent assault and an unlawful attempt to arrest him, but not mere insulting words or gestures. Involuntary manslaughter is a killing in which there is no intention to kill at all. It occurs when the killing is the result of the commission of a crime that is neither a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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 nor an act likely to cause great bodily harm or when it is the result of a lawful act done in a criminal manner, e.g., a case of negligencenegligence,
in law, especially tort law, the breach of an obligation (duty) to act with care, or the failure to act as a reasonable and prudent person would under similar circumstances.
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. The advent of the automobile caused many manslaughter cases that arise from reckless and careless driving; in the statutes of some states of the United States such killing is a separate crime.

manslaughter

Law the unlawful killing of one human being by another without malice aforethought
References in periodicals archive ?
Republican People's Party (CHP) deputy EuzgE-r Euzel, who has been following developments related to the mine disaster closely, told the media on Monday that people were expecting the mine managers to be charged with premeditated murder but the managers had instead been charged with involuntary manslaughter, which will lead to lower prison terms if they are convicted.
Caceres' case found him guilty of the less serious charge of involuntary manslaughter, which carries a maximum sentence of 20 years in state prison.
An Antelope Valley Superior Court jury acquitted Garcia of first- and second-degree murder and voluntary manslaughter, but found her guilty of involuntary manslaughter.
The Alzheimer's Disease Alliance of Western Pennsylvania, the nursing home's parent corporation, was also found guilty of involuntary manslaughter, neglect, and reckless endangerment, reported the Tribune Review.
Majors Harry Schmidt and William Umbach are charged with involuntary manslaughter and could face up to 64 years in a military prison if convicted.
In March Knoller and Noel were each found guilty of involuntary manslaughter.
Marjorie Knoller, 46, from San Francisco, fought back tears as the Los Angeles court also convicted her and her husband Robert Noel of involuntary manslaughter and keeping a mischievous animal that killed.
POLICE investigating the sinking of the Solway Harvester yesterday said they are considering bringing charges of involuntary manslaughter.
In the first case, Granholm filed involuntary manslaughter charges against a Southfield adult foster care home, the home's manager, and an employee in connection with the death of a 38-year-old handicapped deaf and blind resident of the home.
After pleading guilty to an act of juvenile delinquency, involuntary manslaughter, a defendant was given probation until the age of 2l.
On March 28, a San Francisco grand jury indicted Knoller on second-degree murder and involuntary manslaughter charges and Noel on a lower count of involuntary manslaughter.

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