John Metaxas

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Metaxas, John

 

(loannis Metaxas). Born Apr. 12, 1871, on the island of Ithaca; died Jan. 29, 1941, in Athens. Greek state and political figure.

Metaxas received a higher military education in Germany. After returning to Greece in 1903, he served for many years as an officer on the General Staff. In 1921 he founded the monarchist Party of Freethinkers. After the establishment of a republic in Greece in 1924, Metaxas vigorously fought for the restoration of the monarchy. Metaxas was minister of war from January to April 1935, vice prime minister from April to October 1935, and prime minister from April to August 1936. On Aug. 4, 1936, under the pretext of the alleged danger of a “Communist plot,” Metaxas carried out a fascist coup d’etat, disbanded all political parties, and arrested their leaders. In foreign politics the government of Metaxas, who remained prime minister until his death, steered a course toward economic and political rapprochement between Greece and fascist Germany.

References in periodicals archive ?
Celebrated by Greeks across the world the celebration hinges on the 'OCHI' (no) response that Greece's Ioannis Metaxas is said to have given to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on October 28.
These included Ambassador of the Hellenic Republic to Qatar HE Ioannis Metaxas, Ambassador of India HE Sanjiv Arora, Ambassador of China HE Gao Youzhen, Ambassador of Turkey HE Ahmet Demirok, Ambassador of Indonesia HE Deddy Saiful Hadi, Ambassador of South Korea HE Keejong Chung, Ambassador of Germany HE Angelika Storz-Chakarji, Ambassador of France HE Jean Christophe Peaucelle, Ambassador of Canada HE Andre Dubois and Deputy Head of Mission of Malaysia HE Mohammed Nour Zaki.
The meeting was attended by Greek Ambassador Ioannis Metaxas and a number of senior officers of the armed forces.
Incidents marred parades and celebrations in towns and cities throughout Greece, held to commemorate the day when Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas rejected a demand from Italian dictator Benito Mussolini to allow deployment of his troops in Greece.
In which European country was Ioannis Metaxas a dictator from 1936 to 1941?
Muddling through is a prerogative granted only to great powers," the Greek dictator, Ioannis Metaxas, once commented wryly The protracted course of events that ultimately led to Turkey's (and Greece's) accession to NATO in 1952 only serve to confirm his observation.
As regards the student parades, they are a fascistic custom that was imposed in Greece in 1936 by the fascist dictator Ioannis Metaxas and which we, aping the Greeks as always, copied.
Liturgies and school parades marked Ochi day on Tuesday, marking Greek resistance against the Axis powers during WWII when Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas rejected the ultimatum given by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on October 28, 1940, who had demanded the Axis Powers enter Greece to take up strategic positions.
October28commemorates the day the Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas rejected the ultimatum given by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on October 28, 1940, who had demanded the Axis Powers enter Greece to take up strategic positions.
Celebrated in Greece as well as communities in the world with a connection to Greece, the celebration hinges on the 'OCHI' (no) response that Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas is said to have given to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on October 28.
The national holiday commemorates the day when then Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas rejected a demand from Italian dictator Benito Mussolini to allow his troops to be deployed in Greece.