Ion Luca Caragiale

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Caragiale, Ion Luca


Born Jan. 30, 1852, in Haimanale, now Caragiale; died June 9, 1912, in Berlin. Rumanian writer and playwright. Academician of the Academy of the Rumanian Socialist Republic (elected posthumously). Son of a minor official.

Caragiale studied at the Ploe§ti Gymnasium but left in the fourth year and enrolled in courses of mime and recitation at the Bucharest conservatory (1868–70). During the 1880’s he had close ties with representatives of the incipient socialist movement, C. Dobrogeanu-Gherea and A. Bacalba§a. A democratic raznochinets (member of a class other than the nobility), Caragiale denounced contemporary society. In the comedy Stormy Night (1878), he satirized the successful bourgeoisie, with its proprietary attitudes and sham liberalism and patriotism. The one-act comedy Mr. Leonida Face to Face With Reaction (1879) was directed against political philistinism. The comedy The Lost Letter (1884) was a biting satire on the political system of bourgeois-landowner Rumania. The comedy Carnival (1885) ridiculed the triviality of the petite bourgeoisie. In Caragiale’s essays, short stories, and satirical articles which appeared in the collections Notes and Stories (1892), Light Stories (1896), ShortStories (1897), and Moments (1901), he condemned the reality of Rumanian politics with caustic irony. A campaign of persecution and slander was organized against Caragiale by reactionary circles, and in 1904 he moved to Berlin. In 1907 he responded to the peasant uprising enveloping Rumania with the article “1907: From the Spring to the Fall,” in which he supported the just demands of the insurgents, stigmatized the ruling parties who were responsible for the tragic situation of the people, and insisted on the implementation of fundamental democratic reforms. Caragiale’s work served the progressive forces of Rumania in their struggle for freedom and exerted considerable influence on the development of Rumanian literature. The Bucharest National Theater was named after Caragiale.


Teatru. Bucharest, 1889.
Opere, vols. 1–7. Bucharest, 1930–42.
Opere, vols. 1–3—. Bucharest, 1959–62—.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Preface by I. Konstantinovskii. Moscow, 1953.
Momenty i ocherki. Bucharest, 1962.
Komedii, iumoreski, rasskazy. Moscow, 1963.


Chezza, L. Tvorchestvo I. Karadzhale. Kishinev, 1961.
Sadovnik, Sh. P. /. L. Karadzhale. Leningrad-Moscow, 1964.
Konstantinovskii, I. Karadzhale. Moscow, 1970.
Ion Luka Karadzhale (bio-bibliografiia). Moscow, 1952.
Studii §i conferinfe cu prilejul centenarului I. L. Caragiale. Bucharest, 1952.
Alexandrescu, ş. Caragiale in timpul nostru. [Bucharest, 1963.]
Cazimir, ş. Caragiale: Universul comic. [Bucharest] 1967.
Elvin, B. Modernitatea clasicului I. L. Caragiale. [Bucharest] 1967.


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References in periodicals archive ?
Opened in 1899 by three brothers who wanted to sell their uncle's beer, it soon became a magnet for Bucharest society, with playwright Ion Luca Caragiale, poet George Cosbuc and even King Carol I eating there.
Ion Luca Caragiale (18521912) "Plain, downright despondency in between his jokes and pranks" (Vlahu]a; apud Cioculescu 1987:312).
Scriptwriter: Ion Luca Caragiale (stories), Lucian Pintilie
The doyen of Romanian theatre, Ion Luca Caragiale (1852-1912), wrote a satirical essay on the revolt and the government's response to it while in exile in Berlin in 1907.
Whether or not that is still the case is a subject for frequent debate, but the works of authors such as Mihai Eminescu, Ion Luca Caragiale, Mircea Eliade, and Eugene Ionesco are well known to millions of citizens and schoolchildren.