cyclotron

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Related to Ion cyclotron resonance: Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Source

cyclotron:

see particle acceleratorparticle accelerator,
apparatus used in nuclear physics to produce beams of energetic charged particles and to direct them against various targets. Such machines, popularly called atom smashers, are needed to observe objects as small as the atomic nucleus in studies of its
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.

Cyclotron

 

a resonance particle accelerator in which the magnetic guide field and the frequency of the accelerating electric field are constant in time. The particles, which may be protons or heavier ions, move in an uncoiled spiral. The highest possible energy of protons accelerated in a cyclotron is about 20 million electron volts and may reach 1 billion electron volts in an isochronous cyclotron. (SeeACCELERATOR, PARTICLE.)

cyclotron

[′sī·klə‚trän]
(nucleonics)
An accelerator in which charged particles are successively accelerated by a constant-frequency alternating electric field that is synchronized with movement of the particles on spiral paths in a constant magnetic field normal to their path. Also known as phasotron.

cyclotron

a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes
References in periodicals archive ?
Elemental composition analysis of processed and unprocessed diesel fuel by electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
Two of each four were placed in Ca ion cyclotron resonance EMF conditions and two were sham-exposed.
6 coal extracts by electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
3] Nonstandard abbreviations: MS, mass spectroscopy; ESI, electrospray ionization; ESI-FTICR MS, electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry; ESI-TOF MS, electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry; SNP, single-nucleotide polymorphism; mtDNA, mitochondrial DNA; PCR-RFLP, PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism; MELAS, mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes.
1) uses a sophisticated dual-source electrospray ionization-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry system to make the transthyretin molecular mass measurement and detect the variant protein.
5-Tesla Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometer, as well as state-of-the-art 7- and 3.
This new technology, which is based on Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTMS), significantly enhances analytical sensitivity, providing a several-thousand-fold boost in mass spectrometric resolution, a 50-fold improvement in mass measurement accuracy, and 100-fold improvement in the dynamic range detection of these trace proteins.
Supported by a highly sensitive experimental approach based on the use of stable isotope probing combined with Next Generation Sequencing, Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry and nanoSIMS, this research will trace active microorganisms in deep permafrost and will reveal their abundances and taxonomic identities together with the biologically-induced chemical processes that modify the surrounding environment and make it A[sup.
will no longer provide antennae, sources or power supplies for the ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) system or the startup gyrotrons or power supplies for the electron resonance heating (ECRH) system, but will provide the ECRH transmission lines.
and a miniature ion cyclotron resonance MS from Lawrence Livermore (Calif.